Research Papers:

Upregulation of long non-coding RNA HOXA-AS2 promotes proliferation and induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition in gallbladder carcinoma

Peng Zhang, Peihua Cao, Xiaofeng Zhu, Mingxin Pan, Kebo Zhong, Rui He, Yang Li, Xingyuan Jiao and Yi Gao _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:33137-33143. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.16561

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Peng Zhang1,*, Peihua Cao1,*, Xiaofeng Zhu2, Mingxin Pan1, Kebo Zhong1, Rui He2, Yang Li1,3, Xingyuan Jiao2, Yi Gao1,3,4

1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery II, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, Guangdong, P. R. China

2Organ Transplant Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, Guangdong, P. R. China

3Guangdong Provincial Research Center of Artificial Organ and Tissue Engineering, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510280, Guangdong, P. R. China

4State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong, P. R. China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Yi Gao, email: [email protected]

Xingyuan Jiao, email: [email protected]

Keywords: HOXA-AS2, LncRNA, GBC, metastasis, EMT

Received: January 19, 2017     Accepted: March 09, 2017     Published: March 25, 2017


Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is the most common malignancy of the bile duct and patients with GBC have extremely poor prognoses. Increasing evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate diverse cellular processes, including cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and cancer progression. However, the function of lncRNAs in the progression of GBC remains largely unknown. Here, we reported that HOXA cluster antisense RNA2 (HOXA-AS2) was upregulated in GBC. In vitro experiments revealed that HOXA-AS2 knockdown significantly inhibited GBC cells proliferation by causing G1 arrest and promoting apoptosis, whereas HOXA-AS2 overexpression promoted cell growth. Further functional assays indicated that HOXA-AS2 overexpression significantly promoted GBC cell migration and invasion by promoting EMT. Taken together, our study demonstrates that HOXA-AS2 could act as a functional oncogene in GBC, as well as a potential therapeutic target to inhibit GBC metastasis.

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