Keratin 5 overexpression is associated with serous ovarian cancer recurrence and chemotherapy resistance
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Carmela Ricciardelli1, Noor A. Lokman1, Carmen E. Pyragius1, Miranda P. Ween2, Anne M. Macpherson1, Andrew Ruszkiewicz3, Peter Hoffmann4, Martin K. Oehler1,5
1Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 5000, South Australia, Australia
2Lung Research Laboratory, Hanson Institute, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, Department of Thoracic Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, 5000, South Australia, Australia
3Centre of Cancer Biology, University of South Australia and Department of Anatomical Pathology, SA Pathology, Adelaide, 5000, South Australia, Australia
4Adelaide Proteomics Centre, School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, 5005, South Australia, Australia
5Department of Gynaecological Oncology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, 5000, South Australia, Australia
Carmela Ricciardelli, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: ovarian cancer, keratin 5, tumor progression, recurrence, chemoresistance
Received: October 01, 2015 Accepted: January 16, 2017 Published: January 27, 2017
This study investigated the clinical significance of keratin 5 and 6 expression in serous ovarian cancer progression and chemotherapy resistance. KRT5 and KRT6 (KRT6A, KRT6B & KRT6C) gene expression was assessed in publically available serous ovarian cancer data sets, ovarian cancer cell lines and primary serous ovarian cancer cells. Monoclonal antibodies which detect both K5/6 or only K5 were used to assess protein expression in ovarian cancer cell lines and a cohort of high grade serous ovarian carcinomas at surgery (n = 117) and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 21). Survival analyses showed that high KRT5 mRNA in stage III/IV serous ovarian cancers was significantly associated with reduced progression-free (HR 1.38, P < 0.0001) and overall survival (HR 1.28, P = 0.013) whilst high KRT6 mRNA was only associated with reduced progression-free survival (HR 1.2, P = 0.031). Both high K5/6 (≥ 10%, HR 1.78 95% CI; 1.03−2.65, P = 0.017) and high K5 (≥ 10%, HR 1.90, 95% CI; 1.12−3.19, P = 0.017) were associated with an increased risk of disease recurrence. KRT5 but not KRT6C mRNA expression was increased in chemotherapy resistant primary serous ovarian cancer cells compared to chemotherapy sensitive cells. The proportion of serous ovarian carcinomas with high K5/6 or high K5 immunostaining was significantly increased following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. K5 can be used to predict serous ovarian cancer prognosis and identify cancer cells that are resistant to chemotherapy. Developing strategies to target K5 may therefore improve serous ovarian cancer survival.
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