Research Papers:

Gata3 restrains B cell proliferation and cooperates with p18INK4c to repress B cell lymphomagenesis

Shiqin Liu, Ho Lam Chan, Feng Bai, Jinshan Ma, Alexandria Scott, David J. Robbins, Anthony J. Capobianco, Ping Zhu and Xin-Hai Pei _

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:64007-64020. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.11746

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Shiqin Liu1,2, Ho Lam Chan2, Feng Bai2, Jinshan Ma2,3, Alexandria Scott2,4, David J. Robbins2,5, Anthony J. Capobianco2,5, Ping Zhu1, Xin-Hai Pei2,4,5

1Department of Hematology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, 100034, China

2Molecular Oncology Program, Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, FL 33136, Miami

3Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region People’s Hospital, Xinjiang, 830001, China

4The Sheila and David Fuente Graduate Program in Cancer Biology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, FL 33136, Miami

5Sylvester Cancer Center, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, FL 33136, Miami

Correspondence to:

Ping Zhu, email: [email protected]

Xin-Hai Pei, email: [email protected]

Keywords: Gata3, p18INK4c, B cell, lymphoma

Received: March 17, 2016     Accepted: August 24, 2016     Published: August 31, 2016


GATA3, a lineage specifier, controls lymphoid cell differentiation and its function in T cell commitment and development has been extensively studied. GATA3 promotes T cell specification by repressing B cell potential in pro T cells and decreased GATA3 expression is essential for early B cell commitment. Inherited genetic variation in GATA3 has been associated with lymphoma susceptibility. However, it remains elusive how the loss of function of GATA3 promotes B cell development and induces B cell lymphomas. In this study, we found that haploid loss of Gata3 by heterozygous germline deletion increased B cell populations in the bone marrow (BM) and spleen, and decreased CD4 T cell populations in the thymus, confirming that Gata3 promotes T and suppresses B cell development. We discovered that haploid loss of Gata3 reduced thymocyte proliferation with induction of p18Ink4c (p18), an inhibitor of CDK4 and CDK6, but enhanced B cell proliferation in the BM and spleen independent of p18. Loss of p18 partially restored Gata3 deficient thymocyte proliferation, but further stimulated Gata3 deficient B cell proliferation in the BM and spleen. Furthermore, we discovered that haploid loss of Gata3 in p18 deficient mice led to the development of B cell lymphomas that were capable of rapidly regenerating tumors when transplanted into immunocompromised mice. These results indicate that Gata3 deficiency promotes B cell differentiation and proliferation, and cooperates with p18 loss to induce B cell lymphomas. This study, for the first time, reveals that Gata3 is a tumor suppressor specifically in B cell lymphomagenesis.

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