Knockdown of CMTM3 promotes metastasis of gastric cancer via the STAT3/Twist1/EMT signaling pathway
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Wanqiong Yuan1, Ting Li1, Xiaoning Mo1, Xiaolin Wang1, Baocai Liu1, Wenyan Wang1, Yu Su1, Lan Xu1, Wenling Han1
1Peking University Center for Human Disease Genomics, Department of Immunology, Key Laboratory of Medical Immunology, Ministry of Health, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China
Wenling Han, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: CMTM3, gastric cancer, EMT, metastasis, STAT3
Received: September 26, 2015 Accepted: March 28, 2016 Published: April 18, 2016
CMTM3 (CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing 3) possesses tumor suppressor properties in multiple types of malignancies. Restoration of CMTM3 significantly inhibits the metastasis of gastric cancer, and its expression level is correlated with prognosis. However, the physiological effects and the mechanism of CMTM3 remain unknown. Here, we suppress CMTM3 expression by shRNA to explore its endogenous effects and its mechanism of action in gastric cancer. Stable knockdown of CMTM3 promotes cell migration, invasion and tumor metastasis, increases MMP2 expression and enhances MMP2 activity. CMTM3 inhibits EMT along with the upregulation of E-cadherin and the downregulation of N-cadherin, Vimentin and Twist1. It has no obvious effects on Zeb1 and Snail. CMTM3 suppresses the phosphorylation of STAT3 but not Akt. More importantly, the EMT phenotype and cell migration induced by CMTM3 knockdown can be reversed by the Jak2/STAT3 inhibitor JSI-124 or by siRNA against STAT3 or Twist1. Overall, this study demonstrates that knockdown of CMTM3 promotes the metastasis of gastric cancer through the STAT3/Twist1/EMT pathway.
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