Research Papers: Pathology:
Thrombopoietin: a potential diagnostic indicator of immune thrombocytopenia in pregnancy
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Xu Zhang1, Yajing Zhao1, Xiaoqing Li2, Panpan Han1, Fangmiao Jing1, Zhangyuan Kong1, Hai Zhou1, Jihua Qiu1, Lizhen Li1, Jun Peng1,3 and Ming Hou1,4
1 Department of Hematology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China
2 School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
3 Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Health, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China
4 Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Immunohematology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China
Ming Hou, email:
Jun Peng, email:
Keywords: immune thrombocytopenia, pregnancy, diagnosis, thrombopoietin, platelet, Pathology Section
Received: October 20, 2015 Accepted: January 24, 2016 Published: January 31, 2016
To evaluate whether the serum thrombopoietin levels in pregnancy-associated immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) differ from those in gestational thrombocytopenia, and reveal the possibility of thrombopoietin serving as a marker for differential diagnosis. Serum thrombopoietin concentration was determined in ITP in pregnancy (n = 35), gestational thrombocytopenia (n = 31), healthy pregnancy (n = 32), age-matched nonpregnant ITP (n = 32) and nonpregnant healthy controls (n = 35) by ELISA. The serum thrombopoietin level of ITP in pregnancy (1283 ± 646 pg/mL) was significantly higher than gestational thrombocytopenia (187 ± 64 pg/mL) (P < 0.01), although the platelet counts of these two disorders may overlap. Twenty-nine of 35 patients with ITP in pregnancy had thrombopoietin values >500 pg/mL, whereas none of the gestational thrombocytopenia patients’ thrombopoietin levels exceeded 500 pg/mL. In addition, ITP in pregnancy presented a markedly higher thrombopoietin level than nonpregnant ITP (88 ± 41 pg/mL) (P < 0.01), indicating that the pathogenesis of pregnant and nonpregnant ITP was different. Our findings suggest that measurement of serum thrombopoietin concentration provides valuable diagnostic information for differentiating ITP in pregnancy from gestational thrombocytopenia. Thrombopoietin represents a reliable marker for ITP in pregnancy.
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