Deregulation of HMGA1 expression induces chromosome instability through regulation of spindle assembly checkpoint genes
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Giovanna Maria Pierantoni1,*, Andrea Conte1,*, Cinzia Rinaldo2, Mara Tornincasa1, Raffaele Gerlini1, Antonella Federico1, Davide Valente2, Enzo Medico3, Alfredo Fusco1
1Istituto di Endocrinologia ed Oncologia Sperimentale del CNR and Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare e Biotecnologie Mediche, Università di Napoli “Federico II”, 80131, Naples, Italy
2Istituto di Biologia e Patologie Molecolari del CNR c/o Università “Sapienza” di Roma, 00185, Rome, Italy
3Laboratorio di Oncogenomica, Istituto per la ricerca sul cancro, 10060 Candiolo, Turin, Italy
*These authors have contributed equally to this work
Alfredo Fusco, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Giovanna Maria Pierantoni, e-mail: email@example.com
Keywords: HMGA1, CIN, SAC, transcriptional regulation
Received: February 27, 2015 Accepted: May 05, 2015 Published: May 15, 2015
The mitotic spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is an essential control system of the cell cycle that contributes to mantain the genomic stability of eukaryotic cells. SAC genes expression is often deregulated in cancer cells, leading to checkpoint impairment and chromosome instability. The mechanisms responsible for the transcriptional regulation and deregulation of these genes are still largely unknown. Herein we identify the nonhistone architectural nuclear proteins High Mobility Group A1 (HMGA1), whose overexpression is a feature of several human malignancies and has a key role in cancer progression, as transcriptional regulators of SAC genes expression. In particular, we show that HMGA1 proteins are able to increase the expression of the SAC genes Ttk, Mad2l1, Bub1 and Bub1b, binding to their promoter regions. Consistently, HMGA1-depletion induces SAC genes downregulation associated to several mitotic defects. In particular, we observed a high number of unaligned chromosomes in metaphase, a reduction of prometaphase time, a delay of anaphase, a higher cytokinesis time and a higher percentage of cytokinesis failure by using live-cell microscopy. Finally, a significant direct correlation between HMGA1 and SAC genes expression was detected in human colon carcinomas indicating a novel mechanism by which HMGA1 contributes to cancer progression.
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