Identification of vitamin B1 metabolism as a tumor-specific radiosensitizing pathway using a high-throughput colony formation screen
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Gaganpreet S. Tiwana1,*, Remko Prevo1,*, Francesca M. Buffa1, Sheng Yu1, Daniel V. Ebner2, Alison Howarth2, Lisa K. Folkes1, Balam Budwal1, Kwun-Ye Chu1, Lisa Durrant1, Ruth J. Muschel1, W. Gillies McKenna1 and Geoff S. Higgins1
1 Cancer Research UK/MRC Oxford Institute for Radiation Oncology, Gray Laboratories, Department of Oncology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
2 Target Discovery Institute, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
* These authors contributed equally to this work
W. Gillies McKenna, email:
Geoff S. Higgins, email:
Keywords: Tumor radiosensitivity, High-throughput screening, Thiamine, TPK1
Received: November 24, 2014 Accepted: January 22, 2015 Published: February 28, 2015
Colony formation is the gold standard assay for determining reproductive cell death after radiation treatment, since effects on proliferation often do not reflect survival. We have developed a high-throughput radiosensitivity screening method based on clonogenicity and screened a siRNA library against kinases. Thiamine pyrophosphokinase-1 (TPK1), a key component of Vitamin B1/thiamine metabolism, was identified as a target for radiosensitization. TPK1 knockdown caused significant radiosensitization in cancer but not normal tissue cell lines. Other means of blocking this pathway, knockdown of thiamine transporter-1 (THTR1) or treatment with the thiamine analogue pyrithiamine hydrobromide (PyrH) caused significant tumor specific radiosensitization. There was persistent DNA damage in cells irradiated after TPK1 and THTR1 knockdown or PyrH treatment. Thus this screen allowed the identification of thiamine metabolism as a novel radiosensitization target that affects DNA repair. Short-term modulation of thiamine metabolism could be a clinically exploitable strategy to achieve tumor specific radiosensitization.
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