Superior prognosis stratification for stage III colon cancer using log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS) compared to TNM stage classification: the Japanese study group for postoperative follow-up of colorectal cancer
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Shimpei Ogawa1, Michio Itabashi1, Yoshiko Bamba1, Masakazu Yamamoto1 and Kenichi Sugihara2
1 Department of Surgery, Institute of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Women’s Medical University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
2 Department of Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
Keywords: colon cancer; LODDS; TNM; staging; prognosis
Received: April 25, 2020 Accepted: July 14, 2020 Published: August 18, 2020
Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine whether prognosis stratification in staging of Stage III colon cancer using T factor and log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS) categories is superior to that of the TNM staging system.
Materials and Methods: The subjects were 5,919 patients with Stage III colon cancer who underwent curative resection at 24 Japanese institutions. Univariate analysis of LODDS categories and clinicopathologic factors was conducted using a Cox proportional hazards regression model for cancer-specific survival (CSS). Independent prognostic factors for CSS were extracted in multivariate analysis using factors with significance in univariate analysis. Effect sizes of risk factors for CSS were compared using the LogWorth statistic. Combinations of T factor and LODDS categories were used to create L-stage subgroups A, B and C. Stratification of prognosis with L-stage and TNM was compared using the Akaike information criterion (AIC).
Results: In multivariate analysis, LODDS was identified as an independent prognostic factor, together with age, maximum tumor diameter, histopathological grade, L, V, pT, and pN. The LogWorth of LODDS was 17.149, which was the second highest after pT (31.562), and that of pN was 7.434. The 5-year CSS was 96.5%, 88.5%, and 66.6% in TNM stages IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC, respectively, and 96.0%, 87.6%, and 59.3% in L-stage A, B, and C, respectively (p < 0.0001). AICs for TNM and L-stage were 14,795.5 and 14,707.8, respectively.
Conclusions: Prognosis stratification of the stage classification for Stage III colon cancer was superior with L-stage compared to TNM stage classification.
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