Clinical Research Papers:
Trends and outcomes of neoadjuvant radiotherapy compared with postoperative radiotherapy for malignant breast cancer
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Wenyan Fu1,2,*, Hefen Sun1,2,*, Yang Zhao1,2, Mengting Chen1,2, Lipeng Yang3, Shuiping Gao1,2, Liangdong Li1,2 and Wei Jin1,2
1Department of Breast Surgery, Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer in Shanghai, Collaborative Innovation Center of Cancer Medicine, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai 200030, China
2Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200030, China
3Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200030, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Wei Jin, email: [email protected]
Keywords: breast cancer; radiotherapy; radiation sequence with surgery; survival rate; SEER
Received: August 20, 2017 Accepted: December 04, 2017 Published: May 11, 2018
Background: Although neoadjuvant treatment has become the established approach for women with large primary tumors or locally advanced breast cancer for which immediate surgery is not the best approach, it may also stimulate cancer stem cell self-renewal and facilitate recurrence. We sought to determine the survival outcomes of preoperative radiotherapy (PRRT) compared with postoperative radiotherapy (PORT).
Materials and Methods: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry was queried for patients who were diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent cancer-directed surgery. Survival analyses were performed with Cox proportional hazard regression for both overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS), and 1:1 propensity score (PS) matching-adjusted competing risk analyses were conducted for DSS.
Results: We first identified 1,111,218 eligible patients in 18 registries from 1973 to 2013 and found that, outside of the Utah registry, sequence patterns other than PORT were rarely used. Thus, we next identified eligible patients registered in Utah (n = 7,042) from 1988 to 2007. The treatment trends shifted abruptly in 1988. Compared with the PORT group, the PRRT group showed significantly higher risks of overall mortality (absolute difference, 22.4%; P < 0.001), breast cancer-specific mortality (absolute difference, 8.6%; P < 0.001), and cardiovascular disease-specific mortality (absolute difference, 11.5%; P = 0.021). Survival differences in treatment sequences were correlated with stage.
Conclusions: Substantial shifts in treatment patterns for malignant breast cancer were identified in Utah. Compared with PORT, PRRT showed significantly worse outcomes. These results could inform future standardized options for radiation sequence with surgery and further clinical trials.
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