Ischemic stroke in patients with POEMS syndrome: a case report and comprehensive analysis of literature
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Fang-Wang Fu1,*, Jie Rao2,*, Yuan-Yuan Zheng1, Hui-Lin Wang1, Jian-Guang Yang1, and Guo-Qing Zheng1
1 Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou city, China
2 Department of Neurology, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Lishui Central Hospital, Lishui City, China
* Co-first author
Guo-Qing Zheng, email:
Keywords: POEMS syndrome, ischemic stroke, vasculopathy, vascular endothelial growth factor, vessel wall imaging
Received: March 29, 2017 Accepted: June 28, 2017 Published: August 10, 2017
Background: POEMS syndrome is a rare multi-systemic disease characterized by polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes. Arterial or venous thrombosis is a less-common complication of POEMS syndrome. Ischemic stroke has also been reported sporadically. However, the association between POEMS syndrome and ischemic stroke has not been entirely understood.
Methods: A case of ischemic stroke caused by cerebral vasculitis in a patient with POEMS syndrome was presented. Then a comprehensive review and analysis of the literature were performed.
Results: A total of 28 patients were identified. The common clinical manifestations of POEMS syndrome were rather non-specific in patients with ischemic stroke compared with those of patients without ischemic stroke. Twenty patients were found with multiple ischemic lesions (71.5%). In the 25 patients who had undergone the evaluation of cerebral arteries, nineteen patients (76.0%) were found with cerebral vasculopathy. Twelve patients (48.0%) had more than one cerebral artery involved. Ischemic events were documented in 8 patients even when they were undergoing all the therapy for ischemic stroke. Ten (55.6%) of the 18 patients who had survival data died within two years after stroke events.
Conclusion: Comprehensive analysis of literature revealed several trends in patients with ischemic stroke and POEMS syndrome including a low survival rate and a preponderance of cerebral vasculopathy and multiple cerebral arteries affected. Ischemic stroke may be a poor outcome predictor in patients with POEMS syndrome. Further researches focusing on a larger cohort may help in better characterizing and treating this rare complication of POEMS syndrome.
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