Prognostic role of the long non-coding RNA, SPRY4 Intronic Transcript 1, in patients with cancer: a meta-analysis
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Miaojuan Wang1, Xuejun Dong1, Yi Feng1, Honggang Sun1, Ningping Shan1 and Tao Lu1
1Clinical Laboratory Center of Shaoxing People’s Hospital, Shaoxing Hospital of Zhejiang University, Shaoxing, China
Tao Lu, email: email@example.com
Keywords: lncRNA, SPRY4-IT1, prognosis, overall survival, meta-analysis
Received: February 14, 2017 Accepted: March 06, 2017 Published: March 31, 2017
Recent studies have emphasized the important role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer development. The present study performed a meta-analysis to investigate whether lncRNA, SPRY4 Intronic Transcript 1(SPRY4-IT1) can be served as a potential biomarker for prognosis in human cancers. The eligible studies were collected by searching multiple online databases (Pubmed, EMBASE, CNKI, Web of Science and Google Scholar) and meta-analysis was performed to explore the association between the expression levels of SPRY4-IT1 and overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and clinicopathological parameters. A total of 1329 patients from 13 studies were included for meta-analysis. The meta-analysis results showed that high expression level of SPRY4-IT1 was significantly associated with shorter OS in cancer patients (HR = 3.20, 95% CI: 2.59-3.90, P<0.001) except in the patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Increased SPRY4-IT1 expression level was correlated with shorter DFS in patients with gastric cancer and ovarian cancer. SPRY4-IT1 expression level was not correlated with the clinicopathological parameters including age (P = 0.37), gender (P = 0.87), tumor size (P = 0.47) and invasion depth (P = 0.52), and increased SPRY4-IT1 expression level was significantly associated with distant metastasis (odds ratio (OR) = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.24-3.08, P = 0.004), lymph node metastasis (OR = 3.96, 95% CI: 1.48-5.54, P<0.001), advanced tumor/node/metastasis stage (OR = 3.72, 95% CI = 2.91-4.76, P<0.001) and poor tumor differentiation (OR = 1.86, 95% CI = 1.35-2.58, P<0.001) in cancer patients except in patients with NSCLC. In summary, the meta-analysis results suggested that increased expression level of SPRY4-IT1 was positively associated with unfavorable prognosis and advanced features of cancers in cancer patients but not in patients with NSCLC.
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