Use of acetaminophen and risk of endometrial cancer: evidence from observational studies
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Yuan-Yuan Ding1, Peng Yao1, Surya Verma2, Zhen-Kai Han1, Tao Hong1, Yong-Qiang Zhu1, Hong-Xi Li1
1Department of Pain Management, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
2School of Undergraduate, China Medical University, Shenyang, China
Peng Yao, email: email@example.com
Keywords: acetaminophen, endometrial cancer, meta-analysis, observational study, systematic review
Received: February 22, 2017 Accepted: March 21, 2017 Published: March 29, 2017
Previous meta-analyses suggested that aspirin was associated with reduced risk of endometrial cancer. However, there has been no study comprehensively summarize the evidence of acetaminophen use and risk of endometrial cancer from observational studies. We systematically searched electronic databases (PubMed , EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library) for relevant cohort or case-control studies up to February 28, 2017. Two independent authors performed the eligibility evaluation and data extraction. All differences were resolved by discussion. A random-effects model was applied to estimate summary relative risks (RRs) with 95% CIs. All statistical tests were two-sided. Seven observational studies including four prospective cohort studies and three case-control studies with 3874 endometrial cancer cases were included for final analysis. Compared with never use acetaminophen, ever use this drug was not associated with risk of endometrial cancer (summarized RR = 1.02; 95% CI: 0.93−1.13, I2 = 0%). Similar null association was also observed when compared the highest category of frequency/duration with never use acetaminophen (summarized RR = 0.88; 95% CI: 0.70−1.11, I2 = 15.2%). Additionally, the finding was robust in the subgroup analyses stratified by study characteristics and adjustment for potential confounders and risk factors. There was no evidence of publication bias by a visual inspection of a funnel plot and formal statistical tests. In summary, the present meta-analysis reveals no association between acetaminophen use and risk of endometrial cancer. More large scale prospective cohort studies are warranted to confirm our findings and carry out the dose-response analysis of aforementioned association.
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