Clinical Research Papers:
Improvement of T stage precision by integration of surgical and pathological staging in radically resected stage pT3-pT4b gastric cancer
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Hong-Hu Wang1, Kai Li1, Hao Xu1, Zhe Sun1, Zhen-Ning Wang1 and Hui-Mian Xu1
1 Department of Surgical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Hui-Mian Xu, email:
Keywords: surgical staging, pathological staging, prognosis, gastric cancer
Received: May 16, 2016 Accepted: January 16, 2017 Published: January 26, 2017
Background: Both surgical TNM (sTNM) and pathological TNM (pTNM) staging are important clinicopathologic indexes of gastric cancer (GC). However, surgeons and pathologists might assess tumor depth differently in the same patient. To investigate the prognostic significance of sTNM status in patients with radically resected stage pT3-pT4b GC, we examined the relationship between sTNM and pTNM.
Methods: Clinicopathologic and survival data of 1289 patients with stage pT3-pT4b GC were studied retrospectively, in the aftermath of radical surgery.
Results: The unconformity for assessing tumor invasion depth were frequently exhibited between sT and pT staging. Comparison of 5-year OS among them, no significant differences were observed (pT3/sT3 vs pT3/sT4a, p=0.962; pT4a/sT4b vs pT4b/sT4b, p=0.508). Also, pT3/sT4b, pT4a/sT3 and pT4a/sT4a were homogeneity in prognosis. We proposed a revised pT stage in which surgical macroscopic T4b (sT4b) was incorporated into the pT stage, namely, patients in the pT3 stage with sT4b cancers were reclassified as being in the r-pT4a stage; patients in the pT4a stage with sT4b cancers were reclassified as being in the r-pT4b stage. In two-step multivariate analysis, revised pT stage proved more suitable for determining prognosis, surpassing both UICC/AJCC pT stage and sT stage as an independent prognostic index.
Conclusions: Surgical T stage is a significant and independent prognostic index of overall survival (OS) in patients with radically resected advanced GC. Patients in the pT3/4a stage with sT4b cancers, are potentially underestimated, and should be considered higher stage in terms of prognostic.
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