Research Papers:

Yes-associated protein 1 promotes papillary thyroid cancer cell proliferation by activating the ERK/MAPK signaling pathway

Tian Liao _, Duo Wen, Ben Ma, Jia-Qian Hu, Ning Qu, Rong-Liang Shi, Liang Liu, Qing Guan, Duan-Shu Li and Qing-Hai Ji

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:11719-11728. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.14319

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Tian Liao1,*, Duo Wen1,*, Ben Ma1,*, Jia-Qian Hu1, Ning Qu1, Rong-Liang Shi1, Liang Liu2, Qing Guan1, Duan-Shu Li1, Qing-Hai Ji1

1Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China

2Department of Breast Surgery, Breast Cancer Institute, Shanghai Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China

*These authors have contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Qing-Hai Ji, email: [email protected]

Keywords: papillary thyroid cancer, YAP1, proliferation, signaling pathway

Received: June 08, 2016     Accepted: December 12, 2016     Published: December 28, 2016


Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) stimulates cell proliferation, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, invasion and metastasis in several cancers. Here, we investigated the involvement of YAP1 in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) by assessing YAP1 mRNA and protein levels in PTC tissues and matched normal thyroid epithelial tissues from 50 patients. YAP1 mRNA and protein levels were higher in PTC tumor tissues than in control tissues, and correlated positively with the levels of proliferation-related genes (KI67 and c-MYC). We also used lentiviral vectors to overexpress or silence YAP1 expression in the K1 PTC cell line so that we could investigate the effects of YAP1 on cancer cell proliferation. YAP1 overexpression enhanced PTC cell proliferation by activating ERK1/2 and AKT, and these effects were impaired by treating the cells with the MEK inhibitor U0126 or the AKT inhibitor GSK690693. Finally, YAP1 overexpression dramatically induced growth of tumors from PTC cells in a xenograft mouse model. These results suggest that YAP1 enhances cell proliferation in PTC, and thus may be a promising target in the treatment of PTC.

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