Clinical Research Papers:
Preoperative serum pre-albumin as an independent prognostic indicator in patients with localized upper tract urothelial carcinoma after radical nephroureterectomy
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Jiwei Huang1, Yanqing Wang1, Yichu Yuan1, YongHui Chen1, Wen Kong1, Haige Chen1, Jin Zhang1 and Yiran Huang1
1Department of Urology, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
Jin Zhang, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Yiran Huang, email: email@example.com
Keywords: upper tract, urothelial carcinoma, pre-albumin, albumin, prognosis
Received: July 04, 2016 Accepted: November 09, 2016 Published: November 29, 2016
Purpose: To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative pre-albumin and albumin level in patients with localized upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) undergoing radical nephroureterectomy.
Methods and Materials: Between January 2003 and June 2013, we evaluated data on 425 patients with nonmetastatic UTUC (Ta-4N0/+M0) who underwent radical nephroureterectomy at our institution. Low pre-albumin level was defined as <20 mg/dl, while hypoalbuminemia was defined as albumin <35 g/L. The associations of preoperative low pre-albumin level and hypoalbuminemia with clinical and pathologic variables were assessed. Univariable and multivariable analyses using the Cox regression model were performed to determine prognostic factors that were associated with cancer specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS). The Harrell concordance index with variables only or combined pre-albumin data were used to evaluate the prognostic accuracy.
Results: Compared with patients with high pre-albumin level, patients with low pre-albumin level were more likely to have older age, higher tumor stage, higher rate of diabetes, regional lymph node metastasis and lymphovascular invasion. Meanwhile, hypoalbuminemia was only associated with diabetes. Multivariate analysis identiﬁed decreased preoperative pre-albumin level as an independent prognostic factor for CSS (HR 1.85, 95% CI 1.14-3.00, p=0.013) and OS (HR 1.73, 95% CI 1.12-2.70, p=0.015), but not preoperative hypoalbuminemia. The estimated c-index of the multivariate model for CSS and OS increased from 0.771 and 0.760 without pre-albumin to 0.775 and 0.765 when pre-albumin added.
Conclusions: Low preoperative pre-albumin level but not preoperative hypoalbuminemia is a negative independent prognostic factor for survival outcome in patients with UTUC undergoing radical nephroureterectomy.
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