Clinical Research Papers:

Jie-du granule preparation for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective cohort study of 177 patients

L.Y. Chen, X.F. Zhai, Z. Chen, J.F. Zhu, P.A. Qian, H.T. Zhao and C.Q. Ling _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:30471-30476. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.12887

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L.Y. Chen1, X.F. Zhai1,*, Z. Chen1, J.F. Zhu2, P.A. Qian2, H.T. Zhao1 and C.Q. Ling1

1 Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China

2 Department of Liver Disease, Shanghai Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China

* These authors have contributted equally to this work

Correspondence to:

C.Q. Ling, email:

Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, Jie-du granule, best supportive treatment, retrospective cohort study

Received: July 28, 2016 Accepted: October 19, 2016 Published: October 25, 2016


Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of Jie-du granule preparation versus best supportive treatment in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out in patients with advanced liver cancer. Patients were divided into Jie-du granule treatment (JD) and best supportive treatment (BST) groups. The main outcomes included median overall survival time.

Results: A total of 177 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C receiving JD granule treatment or BST were enrolled between January 2012 and December 2014. The overall median survival time was 6.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 4.546-7.854) in the JD group versus 4 months (95% CI 3.471-4.529) in the BST group. Significant independent risk factors were alpha-fetoprotein (P = 0.048), Child-Pugh class (P = 0.005), vascular invasion (P = 0.003), and extrahepatic metastasis (P = 0.0018). For patients with two or fewer of these independent risk factors, the overall median survival of those treated with JD was significantly longer than that of patients receiving BST (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Jie-du granule preparation may prolong survival of patients with advanced HCC.

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