Prognostic significance of CD44 in human colon cancer and gastric cancer: Evidence from bioinformatic analyses
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Pu Xia1, Xiao-Yan Xu2
1Department of Cell Biology, College of Basic Medical Science, Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning, P.R. China
2Department of Pathophysiology, College of Basic Medical Science, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, P.R. China
Pu Xia, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: CD44, The Cancer Genome Atlas, gastric cancer, colon cancer, bioinformatic analyses
Received: May 06, 2016 Accepted: May 29, 2016 Published: June 14, 2016
CD44 is a well-recognized stem cell biomarker expressed in colon and gastric cancer. In order to identify whether CD44 mRNA could be used as a prognostic marker in colon and gastric cancer, bioinformatic analyses were used in this study. cBioPortal analysis and COSMIC analysis were used to explore the CD44 mutation. CD44 mRNA levels were evaluated by using SAGE Genie tools and Oncomine analysis. Kaplan-Meier Plotter was performed to identify the prognostic roles of CD44 mRNA in these two cancers. In this study, first, we found that low alteration frequency of CD44 mRNA in colon and gastric cancer. Second, the high CD44 mRNA level was found in colon and gastric cancer, and it correlated with a benign survival rate in gastric cancer. Third, CD4 and CD74 may be used as markers to predict the prognosis of colon and gastric cancer. However, the deep mechanism(s) of these results remains unclear, further studies have to be performed in the future.
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