Research Papers:

Regulatory T cells may participate in Helicobacter pylori persistence in gastric MALT lymphoma: lessons from an animal model

Amandine Marine Laur, Pauline Floch, Lucie Chambonnier, Lucie Benejat, Victoria Korolik, Alban Giese, Pierre Dubus, Francis Mégraud, Antonio Bandeira and Philippe Lehours _

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:3394-3402. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.6492

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Amandine Marine Laur1,2,*, Pauline Floch1,2,*, Lucie Chambonnier1,2, Lucie Benejat1, Victoria Korolik3, Alban Giese4, Pierre Dubus4, Francis Mégraud1,2, Antonio Bandeira5, Philippe Lehours1,2

1University Bordeaux, Bacteriology Laboratory, Bordeaux, France

2INSERM U853, Bordeaux, France

3Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University, Nathan QLD, Australia

4University Bordeaux, EA 2406, Bordeaux, France

5Unit for Biology of Lymphocyte Populations, Immunology Department, Institut Pasteur and CIMI, Unity of Treg Biology and Therapy, University of Pierre & Marie Curie, Paris, France

*These authors have contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Philippe Lehours, e-mail: [email protected]

Keywords: MALT lymphoma, regulatory T cell, animal model, Helicobacter pylori

Received: August 04, 2015     Accepted: November 16, 2015     Published: December 07, 2015


It has been postulated that the emergence of autoimmune gastritis in neonatal thymectomised (d3Tx) BALB/c mice may be a consequence of post-surgery deficit in Tregs. In this study, previously obtained samples from d3Tx mice were used in order to determine whether thymectomy creates a deficit in this T cell subset thereby allowing the emergence of autoimmune phenomena as a prerequisite for GML. The splenic Treg reserve and the local recruitment of these cells in the gastric mucosa were investigated using complementary molecular and immunohistochemistry approaches. Higher Foxp3/CD3 ratios were found in the spleen of non-infected d3Tx mice compared to non-thymectomised (NTx) controls. These results indicate a relative enrichment of Tregs following thymectomy in adult mice. The absence of Treg depletion in d3Tx mice is in line with the absence of auto-immune gastritis in non-infected d3Tx mice. Higher levels of T cell and Treg infiltration were also found in the stomach of GML-developing d3Tx mice versus NTx mice. Surprisingly, inflammatory scores inversely correlated with the bacterial inoculum. The presence of a small Treg containing compartment among gastric biopsies of GML developing d3Tx mice may play a role in perseverance of a minimal bacterial numbers thereby maintaining an antigen-dependent stimulation and proliferation.

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