Research Papers:

Diverse in vivo effects of soluble and membrane-bound M-CSF on tumor-associated macrophages in lymphoma xenograft model

Jinfeng Liao, Wenli Feng, Rong Wang, Shihui Ma, Lina Wang, Xiao Yang, Feifei Yang, Yongmin Lin, Qian Ren and Guoguang Zheng _

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:1354-1366. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.6362

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Jinfeng Liao1, Wenli Feng1, Rong Wang1, Shihui Ma1, Lina Wang1, Xiao Yang1, Feifei Yang1, Yongmin Lin1, Qian Ren1 and Guoguang Zheng1,2

1 State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China

2 Center for Stem Cell Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China

Correspondence to:

Guoguang Zheng, email:

Keywords: mM-CSF, sM-CSF, lymphoma, TAMs, subpopulation

Received: June 12, 2015 Accepted: November 15, 2015 Published: November 22, 2015


Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) is an important cytokine for monocyte/macrophage lineage. Secretory M-CSF (sM-CSF) and membrane-bound M-CSF (mM-CSF) are two major alternative splicing isoforms. The functional diversity of these isoforms in the activation of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), especially in lymphoma microenvironment, has not been documented. Here, we studied the effects of M-CSF isoforms on TAMs in xenograft mouse model. More infiltrating TAMs were detected in microenvironment with mM-CSF and sM-CSF. TAMs could be divided into three subpopulations based on their expression of CD206 and Ly6C. While sM-CSF had greater potential to recruit and induce differentiation of TAMs and TAM subpopulations, mM-CSF had greater potential to induce proliferation of TAMs and TAM subpopulations. Though both isoforms educated TAMs and TAM subpopulations to M2-like macrophages, mM-CSF and sM-CSF induced different spectrums of phenotype-associated genes in TAMs and TAM subpopulations. These results suggested the diverse effects of M-CSF isoforms on the activation of TAMs and TAM subpopulations in lymphoma microenvironments.

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