Research Papers: Gerotarget (Focus on Aging):
Reciprocal regulation between sirtuin-1 and angiotensin-II in the substantia nigra: implications for aging and neurodegeneration
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Carmen Diaz-Ruiz1,2, Ana I. Rodriguez-Perez1,2, Daniel Beiroa3,4, Jannette Rodriguez-Pallares1,2 and Jose L. Labandeira-Garcia1,2
1 Laboratory of Neuroanatomy and Experimental Neurology, Dept. of Morphological Sciences, CIMUS, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
2 Networking Research Center on Neurodegenerative Diseases (CIBERNED), Madrid, Spain
3 Department of Physiology, CIMUS, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
4 CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Spain
Jose L. Labandeira-Garcia , email:
Keywords: dopamine, longevity, neuroinflammation, parkinson, resveratrol, Gerotarget
Received: July 31, 2015 Accepted: August 22, 2015 Published: September 10, 2015
Local angiotensin II (AII) and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) play a major role in the modulation of neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and aging-related dopaminergic vulnerability to damage. However, it is not known whether the modulation is related to reciprocal regulation between SIRT1 and AII. In the present study, a single intraventricular injection of AII increased nigral SIRT1 levels in young adult rats. Although AII activity is known to be increased in aged rats, levels of SIRT1 were significantly lower than in young controls. Treatment with the SIRT1-activating compound resveratrol increased nigral SIRT1 levels in aged rats. Levels of SIRT1 were significantly higher in aged wild type mice than in AII type-1 receptor (AT1) deficient mice. In cell culture studies, treatment with AII also induced a transitory increase in levels of SIRT1 in the MES 23.5 dopaminergic neuron and the N9 microglial cell lines. In aged rats, treatment with resveratrol induced a significant decrease in the expression of AT1 receptors and markers of NADPH-oxidase activation (p47phox). In aged transgenic mice over-expressing SIRT1, levels of AT1 and p47 phox were lower than in aged wild type controls. In vitro, the inhibitory effects of resveratrol on AII/AT1/NADPH-oxidase activity were confirmed in primary mesencephalic cultures, the N9 microglial cell line, and the dopaminergic neuron cell line MES 23.5, and they were blocked by the SIRT1 specific inhibitor EX527. The present findings show that SIRT1 and the axis AII/AT1/NADPH-oxidase regulate each other. This is impaired in aged animals and may be mitigated with sirtuin-activating compounds.
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