Immunoprofile from tissue microarrays to stratify familial breast cancer patients
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Laura Schirosi1, Simona De Summa2, Stefania Tommasi2, Angelo Paradiso3, Domenico Sambiasi3, Ondina Popescu4, Giovanni Simone4, Anita Mangia1
1Functional Biomorphology Laboratory, IRCCS Istituto Tumori “Giovanni Paolo II”, 70124 Bari, Italy
2Molecular Genetic Laboratory, IRCCS Istituto Tumori “Giovanni Paolo II”, 70124 Bari, Italy
3Experimental Medical Oncology, IRCCS Istituto Tumori “Giovanni Paolo II”, 70124 Bari, Italy
4Pathology Department, IRCCS Istituto Tumori “Giovanni Paolo II”, 70124 Bari, Italy
Anita Mangia, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: immunoprofile, familial breast cancer, hierarchical clustering analysis, TMA
Received: May 19, 2015 Accepted: July 23, 2015 Published: August 03, 2015
Familial breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease with variable prognosis. The identification of an immunoprofile is important to predict tumor behavior for the routine clinical management of familial BC patients. Using immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays, we studied 95 familial BCs in order to analyze the expression of some biomarkers involved in different pathways. We used unsupervised hierarchical clustering analyses (HCA), performed using the immunohistochemical score data, to define an immunoprofile able to characterize these tumors. The analyses on 95 and then on a subset of 45 tumors with all biomarkers contemporarily evaluable, revealed the same biomarker and patient clusters. Focusing on the 45 tumors we identified a group of patients characterized by the low expression of estrogen receptor (P = 0.009), progesterone receptor (P < 0.001), BRCA1 (P = 0.005), nuclear Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) (P = 0.026) and hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (P < 0.001), and also by the higher expression of MIB1 (P = 0.043), cytoplasmic NHERF1 (P = 0.004), cytoplasmic BRCT-repeat inhibitor of hTERT expression (P = 0.001), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (P = 0.024) and VEGF receptor-1 (P = 0.029). This immunoprofile identified a more aggressive tumor phenotype associated also with a larger tumor size (P = 0.012) and G3 grade (P = 0.006), confirmed by univariate and multivariate analyses. In conclusion, the clinical application of HCA of immunohistochemical data could allow the assessment of prognostic biomarkers to be used simultaneously. The 10 protein expression panel might be used to identify the more aggressive tumor phenotype in familial BC and to direct patients towards a different clinical therapy.
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