Regulation of sensitivity of tumor cells to antitubulin drugs by Cdk1-TAZ signalling
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Yulei Zhao1, Xiaolong Yang1
1Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L3N6, Canada
Xiaolong Yang, e-mail: [email protected]
Keywords: Hippo, TAZ (WWTR1), Cdk1, antitubulin drug, chemoresistance
Received: April 13, 2015 Accepted: May 22, 2015 Published: June 08, 2015
Antitubulin drugs are commonly used for the treatment of numerous cancers. However, either the intrinsic or acquired resistances of patients to these drugs result in the failure of the treatment and high mortality of cancers. Therefore, identifying genes or signalling pathways involved in antitubulin drug resistances is critical for future successful treatment of cancers.
TAZ (Transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif), which is a core component of the Hippo pathway, is overexpressed in various cancers. We have recently shown that high levels of TAZ in cancer cells result in Taxol resistance through up-regulation of downstream targets Cyr61 and CTGF. However, how TAZ is regulated in response to Taxol is largely unknown. In this study, we found that Cdk1 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 1) directly phosphorylated TAZ on six novel sites independent of the Hippo pathway, which further resulted in TAZ degradation through proteasome system. Phosphorylation-mimicking TAZ mutant was unstable, and therefore abolished TAZ-induced antitubulin drug resistances. This study provides first evidence that Cdk1 is a novel kinase phosphorylating and regulating TAZ stability and suggests that Cdk1-TAZ signalling is a critical regulator of antitubulin drug response in cancer cells and may be a potential target for the treatment of antitubulin-drug resistant cancer patients.
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