Research Papers:

Distinct von Hippel-Lindau gene and hypoxia-regulated alterations in gene and protein expression patterns of renal cell carcinoma and their effects on metabolism

Sandra Leisz, Kristin Schulz, Susanne Erb, Peter Oefner, Katja Dettmer, Dimitrios Mougiakakos, Ena Wang, Francesco M. Marincola, Franziska Stehle and Barbara Seliger _

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Oncotarget. 2015; 6:11395-11406. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.3456

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Sandra Leisz1, Kristin Schulz1, Susanne Erb1, Peter Oefner2, Katja Dettmer2, Dimitrios Mougiakakos3, Ena Wang4, Francesco M. Marincola4, Franziska Stehle1, Barbara Seliger1

1Institute of Medical Immunology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, 06112 Halle (Saale), Germany

2Institute of Functional Genomics, University of Regensburg, 93053 Regensburg, Germany

3Department of Internal Medicine 5, University of Erlangen, 91054 Erlangen, Germany

4Sidra Medical and Research Center, PO Box 26999, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence to:

Barbara Seliger, e-mail: [email protected]

Keywords: hypoxia, von Hippel Lindau gene, renal cell carcinoma, cell metabolism, aerobic glycolysis

Received: February 03, 2015     Accepted: February 25, 2015     Published: March 27, 2015


During the last decade the knowledge about the molecular mechanisms of the cellular adaption to hypoxia and the function of the “von Hippel Lindau” (VHL) protein in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has increased, but there exists little information about the overlap and differences in gene/protein expression of both processes. Therefore the aim of this study was to dissect VHL- and hypoxia-regulated alterations in the metabolism of human RCC using ome-based strategies. The effect of the VHL- and hypoxia-regulated altered gene/protein expression pattern on the cellular metabolism was analyzed by determination of glucose uptake, lactate secretion, extracellular pH, lactate dehydrogenase activity, amino acid content and ATP levels. By employing VHL/VHL+ RCC cells cultured under normoxic and hypoxic conditions, VHL-dependent, HIF-dependent as well as VHL-/HIF-independent alterations in the gene and protein expression patterns were identified and further validated in other RCC cell lines. The genes/proteins differentially expressed under these distinct conditions were mainly involved in the cellular metabolism, which was accompanied by an altered metabolism as well as changes in the abundance of amino acids in VHL-deficient cells. In conclusion, the study reveals similarities, but also differences in the genes and proteins controlled by VHL functionality and hypoxia thereby demonstrating differences in the metabolic switch of RCC under these conditions.

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