Distinct von Hippel-Lindau gene and hypoxia-regulated alterations in gene and protein expression patterns of renal cell carcinoma and their effects on metabolism
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Sandra Leisz1, Kristin Schulz1, Susanne Erb1, Peter Oefner2, Katja Dettmer2, Dimitrios Mougiakakos3, Ena Wang4, Francesco M. Marincola4, Franziska Stehle1, Barbara Seliger1
1Institute of Medical Immunology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, 06112 Halle (Saale), Germany
2Institute of Functional Genomics, University of Regensburg, 93053 Regensburg, Germany
3Department of Internal Medicine 5, University of Erlangen, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
4Sidra Medical and Research Center, PO Box 26999, Doha, Qatar
Barbara Seliger, e-mail: [email protected]
Keywords: hypoxia, von Hippel Lindau gene, renal cell carcinoma, cell metabolism, aerobic glycolysis
Received: February 03, 2015 Accepted: February 25, 2015 Published: March 27, 2015
During the last decade the knowledge about the molecular mechanisms of the cellular adaption to hypoxia and the function of the “von Hippel Lindau” (VHL) protein in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has increased, but there exists little information about the overlap and differences in gene/protein expression of both processes. Therefore the aim of this study was to dissect VHL- and hypoxia-regulated alterations in the metabolism of human RCC using ome-based strategies. The effect of the VHL- and hypoxia-regulated altered gene/protein expression pattern on the cellular metabolism was analyzed by determination of glucose uptake, lactate secretion, extracellular pH, lactate dehydrogenase activity, amino acid content and ATP levels. By employing VHL−/VHL+ RCC cells cultured under normoxic and hypoxic conditions, VHL-dependent, HIF-dependent as well as VHL-/HIF-independent alterations in the gene and protein expression patterns were identified and further validated in other RCC cell lines. The genes/proteins differentially expressed under these distinct conditions were mainly involved in the cellular metabolism, which was accompanied by an altered metabolism as well as changes in the abundance of amino acids in VHL-deficient cells. In conclusion, the study reveals similarities, but also differences in the genes and proteins controlled by VHL functionality and hypoxia thereby demonstrating differences in the metabolic switch of RCC under these conditions.
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