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Research Papers:

Mutational profile and genotype/phenotype correlation of non-familial pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma

Shatha Albattal, Meshael Alswailem, Yosra Moria, Hindi Al-Hindi, Majed Dasouki, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Hala Aba Alkhail, Entissar Alsuhaibani and Ali S. Alzahrani _

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Oncotarget. 2019; 10:5919-5931. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.27194

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Abstract

Shatha Albattal1,6, Meshael Alswailem1, Yosra Moria2, Hindi Al-Hindi3, Majed Dasouki4,5, Mohamed Abouelhoda4,5, Hala Aba Alkhail3, Entissar Alsuhaibani6 and Ali S. Alzahrani1,2

1 Department of Molecular Oncology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

2 Department of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

3 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

4 Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

5 Saudi Human Genome Program, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

6 Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence to:

Ali S. Alzahrani,email: [email protected]

Keywords: pheochromocytoma; paraganglioma; mutations; NGS; SDHB

Received: June 24, 2019     Accepted: August 16, 2019     Published: October 15, 2019

ABSTRACT

About 30%–40% of patients with pheochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma (PGL) have underlying germline mutations in certain susceptibility genes despite absent family history of these tumors. Here, we present mutational profile of 101 such patients with PCC/PGL (PPGL) from the highly consanguineous population of Saudi Arabia.

Results: Of 101 cases with PPGL, 37/101 (36.6%) had germline mutations. Mutations were detected in 30 cases by PCR and direct Sanger sequencing and in 7 additional cases by NGS. The most commonly mutated gene was SDHB (21/101 cases, 20.8%) and the most common SDHB mutation was c.268C>T, p.R90X occurring in 12/21 (57%) cases. Mutations also occurred in SDHC (4/101, 3.96%), SDHD (3/101, 3%), VHL (2/101, 2%) and MAX (2/101, 2%) genes. The following genes were mutated in 1 patient each (1%), RET, SDHA, SDHAF2, TMEM127 and NF1. Metastatic PPGL occurred in 6/21 cases (28.6%) with SDHB mutations and in 1 case with SDHAF2 mutation.

Patients and Methods: DNA was isolated from peripheral blood (53 patients) or from non-tumorous formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue (48 patients). PCR and direct Sanger sequencing of RET, SDHx, VHL, MAX and TMEM127 genes were performed. Cases without mutations were subjected to whole exome sequencing using next generation sequencing (NGS).

Conclusion: About 37% of PPGL without family history of such tumors harbor germline mutations. The most commonly mutated gene is SDHB followed by SDHC, SDHD, VHL, MAX and rarely RET, SDHA, SDHAF2, TMEM127 and NF1. SDHB mutations were associated with metastatic PPGL in more than a quarter of cases.


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