Successful retreatment with grazoprevir and elbasvir for patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 1b, who discontinued prior treatment with NS5A inhibitor-including regimens due to adverse events
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Tatsuo Kanda1,2, Shin Yasui2, Masato Nakamura2, Shingo Nakamoto2,3, Koji Takahashi2, Shuang Wu2, Reina Sasaki2, Yuki Haga2, Sadahisa Ogasawara2, Tomoko Saito2, Kazufumi Kobayashi2, Soichiro Kiyono2, Yoshihiko Ooka2, Eiichiro Suzuki2, Tetsuhiro Chiba2, Hitoshi Maruyama2, Mitsuhiko Moriyama1 and Naoya Kato2
1Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan
2Department of Gastroenterology, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan
3Department of Molecular Virology, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan
Tatsuo Kanda, email: email@example.com
Keywords: hepatitis C virus; direct-acting antiviral failure; ombitasvir; ledipasvir; resistance-associated substitutions
Received: January 16, 2018 Accepted: February 20, 2018 Published: March 23, 2018
Background: Sustained virologic response (SVR) by interferon and interferon-free treatment can results in the reduction of advanced liver fibrosis and the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Recent interferon-free treatment for HCV shortens the duration of treatment and leads to higher SVR rates, without any serious adverse events. However, it is important to retreat patients who have had treatment-failure with HCV non-structural protein 5A (NS5A) inhibitor-including regimens. Combination of sofosbuvir and ledipasvir only leads to approximately 100% SVR rates in HCV genotype (GT1b), NS5A inhibitor-naïve patients in Japan. This combination is not an indication for severe renal disease or heart disease, and these patients should be treated or retreated with a different regimen.
Case summary: Retreatment with HCV non-structural protein 3/4A inhibitor, grazoprevir, and HCV NS5A inhibitor, elbasvir, successfully eradicated HCV RNA in three patients with HCV genotype 1b infection who discontinued prior interferon-free treatments including HCV NS5A inhibitors due to adverse events within 2 weeks.
Conclusion: Retreatment with the 12-week combination regimen of grazoprevir and elbasvir is effective for HCV GT1b patients who discontinue the HCV NS5A inhibitor-including regimens within 2 weeks. The treatment response may be related to the short duration of initial treatment, which did not produce treatment-emergent RASs.
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