The microRNA-23b/27b/24-1 cluster is a disease progression marker and tumor suppressor in prostate cancer
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Yusuke Goto1,2, Satoko Kojima3, Rika Nishikawa1,2, Hideki Enokida4, Takeshi Chiyomaru4, Takashi Kinoshita1, Masayuki Nakagawa4, Yukio Naya3, Tomohiko Ichikawa2 and Naohiko Seki1
1 Department of Functional Genomics, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
2 Department of Urology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
3 Department of Urology, Teikyo University Chiba Medical Center, Chiba, Japan
4 Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan
Naohiko Seki, email:
Keywords: microRNA, miR-23b, miR-27b, miR-24-1, castration-resistant prostate cancer
Received: May 27, 2014 Accepted: July 31, 2014 Published: July 31, 2014
Our recent study of microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures in prostate cancer (PCa) has revealed that all members of the miR-23b/27b/24-1 cluster are significantly downregulated in PCa tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of these clustered miRNAs as a disease progression marker and to determine the functional significance of these clustered miRNAs in PCa. Expression of the miR-23b/27b/24-1 cluster was significantly reduced in PCa tissues. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that low expression of miR-27b predicted a short duration of progression to castration-resistant PCa. Gain-of-function studies using mature miR-23b, miR-27b,and miR-24-1 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion in PCa cells (PC3 and DU145). To identify the molecular targets of these miRNAs, we carried out gene expression and in silico database analyses. GOLM1 was directly regulated by miR-27b in PCa cells. Elucidation of the molecular targets and pathways regulated by the tumor-suppressive microRNAs should shed light on the oncogenic and metastatic processes in PCa.
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