Prognostic relevance of TTF-1 expression in stage I adenocarcinoma
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Chao Zhou1, Jikai Zhao2, Jinchen Shao2 and Wentao Li1
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
2Department of Pathology, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
Wentao Li, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: thyroid transcription factor-1; lung adenocarcinoma; subtype; adjuvant chemotherapy; prognosis
Received: June 27, 2017 Accepted: October 28, 2017 Published: November 18, 2017
Tyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) motivates the differentiation and development of bronchioloalveolar cells. The association of TTF-1 expression with prognosis in stage I adenocarcinoma is unclear. This study enrolled patients with resected stage I pulmonary adenocarcinoma who had TTF-1 immunostaining. All the corresponding clinicopathologic data including sex, age, smoking history, pathologic T stage, pathologic disease stage, surgical procedure, subtypes, follow-up records and adjuvant chemotherapy were investigated. Totally, 126 adenocarcinomas with TTF-1− and 2687 adenocarcinomas with TTF-1+ were subjected to the study. Among adenocarcinomas with TTF-1−, the major subtype was acinar-predominant adenocarcinomas, followed by invasive mucinous and papillary subtypes while acinar, papillary and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma were in the majority among adenocarcinomas with TTF-1+. The status of TTF-1 expression was not a significant factor for relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Furthermore, there was no survival difference between the two groups (RFS: p = 0.2474; OS: p = 0.1480). When confined to stage IB adenocarcinomas with TTF-1−, whether received adjuvant chemotherapy made no difference to RFS and OS (RFS: p = 0.2707; OS: p = 1.000), as was the case in stage IB adenocarcinomas with TTF-1+ (RFS: p = 0.9161; OS: p = 0.1100). Within follow-up period, there was significant difference in post-recurrence survival (PRS) for TTF-1− patients compared with those TTF-1+ patients (Log-rank p = 0.0113). However, regarding to the recurrence site, there was no difference between TTF-1− patients and TTF-1+ patients in patients with stage I adenocarcinoma (p = 0.771) In conclusion, there is no significant difference in RFS and OS between TTF-1− group and TTF-1+ group, but TTF-1 negative adenocarcinoma has significantly worse PFS in patients with stage I adenocarcinoma. Moreover, chemotherapeutic efficacy between TTF-1+ and TTF-1− stage IB adenocarcinomas did not differ.
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