Research Papers:

Pseudogenes of annexin A2, novel prognosis biomarkers for diffuse gliomas

Shuang Li, Hecun Zou, Ying-Ying Shao, Ying Mei, Yu Cheng, Dong-Li Hu, Zhi-Rong Tan and Hong-Hao Zhou _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:106962-106975. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.22197

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Shuang Li1,2, Hecun Zou1,3, Ying-Ying Shao3, Ying Mei1,2, Yu Cheng1,2, Dong-Li Hu1,2, Zhi-Rong Tan1,2 and Hong-Hao Zhou1,2

1Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China

2Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Central South University, Hunan Key Laboratory of Pharmacogenetics, Changsha 410078, China

3Institute of Life Sciences, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China

Correspondence to:

Hong-Hao Zhou, email: [email protected]

Keywords: pseudogene; diffuse gliomas; biomarkers; ANXA2; ANXA2P1 ANXA2P2 ANXA2P3

Received: August 16, 2017    Accepted: September 20, 2017    Published: October 31, 2017


Diffuse gliomas is a kind of common malignant primary brain tumor. Pseudogenes have multilayered biological function in the progression of human cancers. In this study, Differentially Expressed Pseudogenes (DEPs) between glioblastomas and non-tumor controls were found by bioinformatics analysis, of which the annexin A2 pseudogenes (ANXA2P1, ANXA2P2 and ANXA2P3) were significantly up-regulated, along with the parent gene annexin A2 (ANXA2). Among four glioblastoma subtypes, ANXA2P1 and ANXA2P2 were preferentially expressed in mesenchymal subtype and less expressed in proneural subtype. Meanwhile, Pearson’s correlation analysis revealed that the expression level of ANXA2 was positively correlated with ANXA2 pseudogenes expression. Then, the expression patterns of ANXA2 and its pseudogenes were validated in diffuse glioma specimens (n=99) and non-tumor tissues (n=12) by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Additionally, Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed that highly expressed ANXA2 and annexin A2 pseudogenes were associated with the poor survival outcome of glioma patients. Cox regression analyses suggested that ANXA2, ANXA2P1 and ANXA2P2 were the independent prognosis factors for gliomas. Furthermore, down-regulation of ANXA2 and ANXA2 pseudogenes might contribute to the improvement of patients’ survival who received chemotherapy and radiotherapy. These results demonstrated that ANXA2 pseudogenes and ANXA2 could be used as the novel biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and target therapy of gliomas.

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