Myxinidin2 and myxinidin3 suppress inflammatory responses through STAT3 and MAPKs to promote wound healing
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Hyo Mi Han1, Sujin Ko1, Min-Ju Cheong2, Jeong Kyu Bang3, Chang Ho Seo4, Tudor Luchian5 and Yoonkyung Park1,6
1Department of Biomedical Science, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
2Department of Life Science, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
3Division of Magnetic Resonance, Korea Basic Science Institute, Ochang, Korea
4Department of Bioinformatics, Kongju National University, Kongju, Korea
5Department of Physics, Alexandru I. Cuza University, Iasi, Romania
6Research Center for Proteinaceous Materials, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
Yoonkyung Park, email: [email protected]
Tudor Luchian, email: [email protected]
Keywords: myxinidin, antimicrobial peptide, STAT3, MAPKs, wound healing
Received: June 19, 2017 Accepted: August 27, 2017 Published: September 15, 2017
Skin wounds are continuously exposed to bacteria and can easily become infected. Infected wounds require antibiotic treatment, and infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria are an important public health problem. Antimicrobial peptides have broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, induce little or no drug resistance and may be suitable for treating skin infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria. We previously reported the design and function of myxinidin and myxinidin analogues. Here we showed that myxinidin2 and myxinidin3 exhibit antimicrobial and anti-biofilm activities against antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in high salt environments and in gelatin. Moreover, these peptides facilitated infected wound healing by decreasing inflammation through suppression of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α and regulation of downstream mediators such as STAT3, p38, JNK, and EGFR. In a mouse skin wound model infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, myxinidin2 and myxinidin3 eliminated the infection and enhanced wound healing. We therefore propose the use of these peptides for treating infected wounds and burns.
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