Research Papers:

miR-101 is down-regulated in glioblastoma resulting in EZH2-induced proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis

Michiel Smits, Jonas Nilsson, Shahryar E. Mir, Petra M. van der Stoop, Esther Hulleman, Johanna M. Niers, Phillip C. de Witt Hamer, Victor E. Marquez, Jacqueline Cloos, Anna M. Krichevsky, David P. Noske, Bakhos A. Tannous and Thomas Würdinger _

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Oncotarget. 2010; 1:710-720. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.205

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Received: December 1, 2010, Accepted: January 3, 2010, Published: January 3, 2010

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a malignant brain tumor with dismal prognosis. GBM patients have a median survival of less than 2 years. GBM is characterized by fast cell proliferation, infiltrative migration, and by the induction of angiogenesis. MicroRNAs and polycomb group (PcG) proteins have emerged as important regulators of gene expression. Methods: Here we determined that miR-101 is down-regulated in GBM, resulting in overexpression of the miR-101 target PcG protein EZH2, a histone methyltransferase affecting gene expression profiles in an epigenetic manner. Results: Inhibition of EZH2 in vitro by pre-miR-101, EZH2 siRNA, or small molecule DZNep, attenuated GBM cell growth, migration/invasion, and GBM-induced endothelial tubule formation. In addition, for each biological process we identified ontology-associated transcripts that significantly correlate with EZH2 expression. Inhibition of EZH2 in vivo by systemic DZNep administration in a U87-Fluc-mCherry GBM xenograft mouse imaging model resulted in reduced tumor growth. Conclusion: Our results indicate that EZH2 has a versatile function in GBM progression and that its overexpression is at least partly due to decreased miR-101 expression. Inhibition of EZH2 may be a potential therapeutic strategy to target GBM proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis.


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