Combining des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin and alpha-fetoprotein for hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosing: an update meta-analysis and validation study

Huaping Chen, Siyuan Chen, Shan Li, Zhijian Chen, Xuan Zhu, Meiyu Dai, Lingxi Kong, Xiaodan Lv, Zhili Huang and Xue Qin _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:90390-90401. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.20153

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Huaping Chen1,*, Siyuan Chen1,*, Shan Li1,*, Zhijian Chen1, Xuan Zhu1, Meiyu Dai1, Lingxi Kong1, Xiaodan Lv1, Zhili Huang1 and Xue Qin1

1Department of Clinical Laboratory, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered as co-first authors

Correspondence to:

Xue Qin, email: [email protected]

Keywords: des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin, AFP, hepatocellular cancer, diagnosis, meta-analysis

Received: June 22, 2017     Accepted: July 30, 2017     Published: August 07, 2017


Controversies about the combination of des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin (DCP) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosing still exist. Hence, we performed this updated meta-analysis to estimate the diagnostic value of DCP , AFP and DCP + AFP in HCC. In addition, we conducted a validation study to analyze the performance of the candidate makers. After a systematic literature review, 27 studies from 20 articles were identified from four major databases. The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 69% and 89%, respectively, for DCP; for AFP, they were 65% and 88%, respectively; and they were 82% and 85%, respectively, for DCP + AFP. The values of the area under the curve (AUC) for DCP, AFP, DCP + AFP, respectively, were 0.88, 0.75, and 0.90. The validation study confirmed that the performance of DCP + AFP (sensitivity = 84%, specificity = 86%; AUC = 0.887) was higher than that of DCP (sensitivity = 76%, specificity = 92%; AUC = 0.843) or AFP (sensitivity = 73%, specificity = 92%; AUC = 0.837) alone.

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