S100A4 in cancer progression and metastasis: A systematic review
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Fei Fei1,2, Jie Qu1,2, Mingqing Zhang3, Yuwei Li3 and Shiwu Zhang2
1Nankai University School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, P.R.China
2Department of Pathology, Tianjin Union Medical Center, Tianjin, 300121, P.R. China
3Department of Colorectal Surgery, Tianjin Union Medical Center, Tianjin, 300121, P.R. China
Shiwu Zhang, email: [email protected]
Keywords: S100A4, metastasis, malignant tumor, epithelial-mesenchymal transition
Received: April 11, 2017 Accepted: May 08, 2017 Published: May 19, 2017
Metastasis is the leading cause of cancer-related death and directly associates with cancer progression, resistance to anticancer therapy, and poor patient survival. Current efforts focusing on the underlying molecular mechanisms of cancer metastasis attract a special attention to cancer researchers. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition is a complex of molecular program during embryogenesis, inflammation, tissue fibrosis, and cancer progression and metastasis. S100A4, an important member of S100 family proteins, functions to increase the tumor progression and metastasis. The molecular mechanisms of S100A4 involving in the progression and metastasis are diverse in various malignant tumors. Detection of S100A4 expression becomes a promising candidate biomarker in cancer early diagnosis and prediction of cancer metastasis and therefore, S100A4 may be a therapeutic target. This review summarized up to date advancement on the role of S100A4 in human cancer development, progression, and metastasis and the underlying molecular events and then strategies to target S100A4 expression experimentally.
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