Epistatic SNP interaction of ERCC6 with ERCC8 and their joint protein expression contribute to gastric cancer/atrophic gastritis risk
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Jing-Jing Jing1, You-Zhu Lu1, Li-Ping Sun1, Jing-Wei Liu1, Yue-Hua Gong1, Qian Xu1, Nan-Nan Dong1 and Yuan Yuan1
1Tumor Etiology and Screening Department of Cancer Institute and General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Key Laboratory of Cancer Etiology and Prevention, China Medical University, Liaoning Provincial Education Department, Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Yuan Yuan, email: email@example.com
Keywords: gastric cancer, ERCC6, ERCC8, SNP, expression
Received: January 10, 2017 Accepted: April 12, 2017 Published: May 11, 2017
Excision repair cross-complementing group 6 and 8 (ERCC6 and ERCC8) are two indispensable genes for the initiation of transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair pathway. This study aimed to evaluate the interactions between single nucleotide polymorphisms of ERCC6 (rs1917799) and ERCC8 (rs158572 and rs158916) in gastric cancer and its precancerous diseases. Besides, protein level analysis were performed to compare ERCC6 and ERCC8 expression in different stages of gastric diseases, and to correlate SNPs jointly with gene expression. Sequenom MassARRAY platform method was used to detect polymorphisms of ERCC6 and ERCC8 in 1916 subjects. In situ ERCC6 and ERCC8 protein expression were detected by immunohistochemistry in 109 chronic superficial gastritis, 109 chronic atrophic gastritis and 109 gastric cancer cases. Our results demonstrated pairwise epistatic interactions between ERCC6 and ERCC8 SNPs that ERCC6 rs1917799-ERCC8 rs158572 combination was associated with decreased risk of chronic atrophic gastritis and increased risk of gastric cancer. ERCC6 rs1917799 also showed a significant interaction with ERCC8 rs158916 to reduce gastric cancer risk. The expressions of ERCC6, ERCC8 and ERCC6-ERCC8 combination have similarities that higher positivity was observed in chronic superficial gastritis compared with chronic atrophic gastritis and gastric cancer. As for the effects of ERCC6 and ERCC8 SNPs on the protein expression, single SNP had no correlation with corresponding gene expression, whereas the ERCC6 rs1917799–ERCC8 rs158572 pair had significant influence on ERCC6 and ERCC6-ERCC8 expression. In conclusion, ERCC6 rs1917799, ERCC8 rs158572 and rs158916 demonstrated pairwise epistatic interactions to associate with chronic atrophic gastritis and gastric cancer risk. The ERCC6 rs1917799–ERCC8 rs158572 pair significantly influence ERCC6 and ERCC6-ERCC8 expression.
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