Oncotarget

Research Papers:

Eight potential biomarkers for distinguishing between lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma

Jian Xiao, Xiaoxiao Lu, Xi Chen, Yong Zou, Aibin Liu, Wei Li, Bixiu He, Shuya He and Qiong Chen _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:71759-71771. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.17606

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Abstract

Jian Xiao1, Xiaoxiao Lu1, Xi Chen2, Yong Zou1, Aibin Liu3, Wei Li4, Bixiu He1, Shuya He5 and Qiong Chen1

1Department of Geriatrics, Respiratory Medicine, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410008, China

2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410008, China

3Department of Geriatrics, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410008, China

4Department of Geriatrics, Clinical Laboratory, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410008, China

5Department of Biochemistry & Biology, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China

Correspondence to:

Qiong Chen, email: [email protected]

Keywords: lung cancer, adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, biomarker, prognosis

Received: January 02, 2017    Accepted: March 29, 2017    Published: May 03, 2017

ABSTRACT

Lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) are the most common non-small cell lung cancer histological phenotypes. Accurate diagnosis distinguishing between these two lung cancer types has clinical significance. For this study, we analyzed four Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets (GSE28571, GSE37745, GSE43580, and GSE50081). We then imported the datasets into the Gene-Cloud of Biotechnology Information online platform to identify genes differentially expressed in LADC and LSCC. We identified DSG3 (desmoglein 3), KRT5 (keratin 5), KRT6A (keratin 6A), KRT6B (keratin 6B), NKX2-1 (NK2 homeobox 1), SFTA2 (surfactant associated 2), SFTA3 (surfactant associated 3), and TMC5 (transmembrane channel-like 5) as potential biomarkers for distinguishing between LADC and LSCC. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis suggested that KRT5 had the highest diagnostic value for discriminating between these two cancer types. Using the PrognoScan online survival analysis tool and the Kaplan-Meier Plotter, we found that high KRT6A or KRT6B levels, or low NKX2-1, SFTA3, or TMC5 levels correlated with unfavorable prognoses in LADC patients. Further studies will be needed to verify our findings in additional patient samples, and to elucidate the mechanisms of action of these potential biomarkers in non-small cell lung cancer.


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