Oncotarget

Research Papers:

FAM3A enhances adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes via activation of ATP-P2 receptor-Akt signaling pathway

Yujing Chi, Jing Li, Na Li, Zhenzhen Chen, Liping Ma, Weikang Peng, Xiuying Pan, Mei Li, Weidong Yu, Xiangjun He, Bin Geng, Qinghua Cui, Yulan Liu and Jichun Yang _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:45862-45873. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.17578

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Abstract

Yujing Chi1,*, Jing Li2,*, Na Li1, Zhenzhen Chen3, Liping Ma1, Weikang Peng1, Xiuying Pan1, Mei Li1, Weidong Yu1, Xiangjun He1, Bin Geng3, Qinghua Cui4, Yulan Liu1,2 and Jichun Yang3

1Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology & Central Laboratory, Peking University People’s Hospital, Beijing 100044, China

2Department of Gastroenterology, Peking University People’s Hospital, Beijing 100044, China

3Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Science of the Ministry of Education, Center for Non-coding RNA Medicine, Beijing 100191, China

4Department of Biomedical Informatics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Science of the Ministry of Education, Center for Non-coding RNA Medicine, Beijing 100191, China

*These authors have contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Jichun Yang, email: [email protected]

Yulan Liu, email: [email protected]

Keywords: FAM3A, PPARγ, adipogenesis, ATP, P2 receptor

Received: June 07, 2016     Accepted: April 23, 2017     Published: May 03, 2017

ABSTRACT

FAM3A plays important roles in regulating hepatic glucose/lipid metabolism and the proliferation of VSMCs. This study determined the role and mechanism of FAM3A in the adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. During the adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, FAM3A expression was significantly increased. FAM3A overexpression enhanced 3T3-L1 preadipocyte adipogenesis with increased phosphorylated Akt (pAkt) level, whereas FAM3A silencing inhibited 3T3-L1 preadipocyte adipogenesis with reduced pAkt level. Moreover, FAM3A silencing reduced the expression and secretion of adipokines in 3T3-L1 cells. FAM3A protein is mainly located in mitochondrial fraction of 3T3-L1 cells and mouse adipose tissue. FAM3A overexpression increased, whereas FAM3A silencing decreased ATP production in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. FAM3A-induced adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was blunted by inhibitor of P2 receptor. In white adipose tissues of db/db and HFD-fed obese mice, FAM3A expression was reduced. One-month rosiglitazone administration upregulated FAM3A expression, and increased cellular ATP content and pAkt level in white adipose tissues of normal and obese mice. In conclusion, FAM3A enhances the adipogenesis of preadipocytes by activating ATP-P2 receptor-Akt pathway. Under obese condition, a decrease in FAM3A expression in adipose tissues plays important roles in the development of adipose dysfunction and type 2 diabetes.


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