Changing trends in the prevalence of anencephaly in Liaoning province of Northeast China from 2006–2015: data from a population-based birth defects registry
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Ting-Ting Gong1, Qi-Jun Wu2, Yan-Ling Chen3, Cheng-Zhi Jiang4, Da Li1, Jing Li5, Li-Li Li6, Chen Zhou7 and Yan-Hong Huang5
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
2Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
3Liaoning Women and Children’s Health Hospital, Shenyang, China
4School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang, China
5Department of Science and Education, Shenyang Women and Children Health Care Centre, Shenyang, China
6Department of Children’s Health Prevention, Shenyang Women and Children Health Care Centre, Shenyang, China
7Department of Information Statistics, Shenyang Women and Children Health Care Centre, Shenyang, China
Qi-Jun Wu, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: anencephaly, Liaoning province, prevalence, time trend
Received: November 04, 2016 Accepted: February 22, 2017 Published: April 26, 2017
The goal of this study was to assess the prevalence and trends of anencephaly on the basis of a large population-based cases identified by the Liaoning Birth Defects Registry, which included 14 cities over a 10-year period. Anencephaly prevalence, percent change, average changeand the contribution rates of each city were calculated. Statistical analysis was undertaken on the basis of a Poisson regression model. A total of 1600 anencephaly cases were collected during the observational period (4.92/10,000 live births). On average, the prevalence decreased 10.15% each year; this overall time trend was statistically significant (P<0.01). The top three leading cities were Huludao (10.33 per 10,000 live births), Chaoyang (8.56 per 10,000 live births) and Fuxin (6.36 per 10,000 live births). In contrast, Anshan (2.64 per 10,000 live births), Dalian (2.79 per 10,000 live births) and Yingkou (3.46 per 10,000 live births) were the cities with the lowest prevalence. Of note, significantly decreasing trends were observed in half of these cities (n=7). Additionally, Benxi, Yingkou and Dalian were the major cities contributing to over one third of the decreasing trend in Liaoning province. In conclusion, this study provided evidence of the decreasing prevalence of anencephaly from 2006 to 2015 in Liaoning province. In the future, prevention efforts should be strengthened to further reduce the risk of anencephaly in areas with high rates.
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