iATC-mHyb: a hybrid multi-label classifier for predicting the classification of anatomical therapeutic chemicals
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Xiang Cheng1,2, Shu-Guang Zhao1, Xuan Xiao2,3 and Kuo-Chen Chou3,4,5
1College of Information Science and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
2Computer Department, Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute, Jingdezhen 333001, China
3Gordon Life Science Institute, Boston, MA 02478, USA
4Center for Informational Biology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China
5Center of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
Xuan Xiao, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kuo-Chen Chou, email: email@example.com
Keywords: ATC classification, drug ontology, multi-label system, Chou’s five intuitive metrics
Received: February 08, 2017 Accepted: March 28, 2017 Published: April 11, 2017
Recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), drug compounds have been classified into 14 main ATC (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical) classes according to their therapeutic and chemical characteristics. Given an uncharacterized compound, can we develop a computational method to fast identify which ATC class or classes it belongs to? The information thus obtained will timely help adjusting our focus and selection, significantly speeding up the drug development process. But this problem is by no means an easy one since some drug compounds may belong to two or more than two ATC classes. To address this problem, using the DO (Drug Ontology) approach based on the ChEBI (Chemical Entities of Biological Interest) database, we developed a predictor called iATC-mDO. Subsequently, hybridizing it with an existing drug ATC classifier, we constructed a predictor called iATC-mHyb. It has been demonstrated by the rigorous cross-validation and from five different measuring angles that iATC-mHyb is remarkably superior to the best existing predictor in identifying the ATC classes for drug compounds. To convenience most experimental scientists, a user-friendly web-server for iATC-mHyd has been established at http://www.jci-bioinfo.cn/iATC-mHyb, by which users can easily get their desired results without the need to go through the complicated mathematical equations involved.
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