In vivo evaluation of the effects of simultaneous inhibition of GLUT-1 and HIF-1α by antisense oligodeoxynucleotides on the radiosensitivity of laryngeal carcinoma using micro 18F-FDG PET/CT
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Li-Fang Shen1, Xin Zhao2, Shui-Hong Zhou1, Zhong-Jie Lu3, Kui Zhao2, Jun Fan4, Min-Li Zhou1
1Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China
2Center of PET/CT, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China
3Department of Radiotherapy, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China
4State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China
Shui-Hong Zhou, email: email@example.com
Keywords: hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, glucose transporter-1, antisense oligodeoxynucleotides, radiosensitivity, 18F-FDG micro PET/CT
Received: November 04, 2016 Accepted: March 15, 2017 Published: March 29, 2017
Purpose: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) are two important hypoxic markers associated with the radioresistance of cancers including laryngeal carcinoma. We evaluated whether the simultaneous inhibition of GLUT-1 and HIF-1α expression improved the radiosensitivity of laryngeal carcinoma. We explored whether the expression of HIF-1α and GLUT-1 was correlated with 2′-deoxy-2’-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (18F-FDG) uptake and whether 18F-FDG positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) was appropriate for early evaluation of the response of laryngeal carcinoma to targeted treatment in vivo.
Materials and Methods: To verify the above hypotheses, an in vivo model was applied by subcutaneously injecting Hep-2 (2 × 107/mL × 0.2 mL) and Tu212 cells (2 × 107/mL × 0.2 mL) into nude mice. The effects of HIF-1α antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODNs) (100 μg) and GLUT-1 AS-ODNs (100 μg) on the radiosensitivity of laryngeal carcinoma were assessed by tumor volume and weight, microvessel density (MVD), apoptosis index (AI) and necrosis in vivo based on a full factorial (23) design. 18F-FDG-PET/CT was taken before and after the treatment of xenografts. The relationships between HIF-1α and GLUT-1 expression and 18F-FDG uptake in xenografts were estimated and the value of 18F-FDG-PET/CT was assessed after treating the xenografts.
Results: 10 Gy X-ray irradiation decreased the weight of Hep-2 xenografts 8 and 12 days after treatment, and the weights of Tu212 xenografts 8 days after treatment. GLUT-1 AS-ODNs decreased the weight of Tu212 xenografts 12 days after treatment. There was a synergistic interaction among the three treatments (GLUT-1 AS-ODNs, HIF-1α AS-ODNs and 10Gy X-ray irradiation) in increasing apoptosis, decreasing MVD, and increasing necrosis in Hep-2 xenografts 8 days after treatment (p < 0.05) and in Tu212 xenografts 12 days after treatment (p < 0.001). Standardized uptake value (tumor/normal tissue)( SUVmaxT/N) did not show a statistically significant correlation with GLUT1 and HIF-1α expression and therapeutic effect (necrosis, apoptosis).
Conclusions: Simultaneous inhibition of HIF-1α and GLUT-1 expression might increase the radiosensitivity of laryngeal carcinoma, decreasing MVD, and promoting apoptosis and necrosis. 18F-FDG-PET/CT wasn’t useful in evaluating the therapeutic effect on laryngeal cancer in this animal study.
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