KIAA1199 is induced by inflammation and enhances malignant phenotype in pancreatic cancer
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Shiro Kohi1, Norihiro Sato1, Atsuhiro Koga1, Nobutaka Matayoshi1, Keiji Hirata1
1Department of Surgery 1, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 807-8555, Japan
Norihiro Sato, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: pancreatic cancer, KIAA1199, hyaluronan, migration, inflammation
Received: November 16, 2016 Accepted: January 11, 2017 Published: February 04, 2017
Background: Recent evidence suggests a critical role of hyaluronan (HA), especially low-molecular-weight HA (LMW-HA), in the aggressive tumor phenotype. Increased expression of KIAA1199, a newly identified protein involved in HA degradation, has been reported in various cancers, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, little is known about the functional significance of KIAA1199 in PDAC.
Methods: Using siRNA knockdown and forced expression models, we investigated the effects of KIAA1199 expression on malignant behaviors (proliferation, migration, and invasion) of PDAC cells. We also examined the effect of inflammation on the transcriptional regulation of KIAA1199 using a pro-inflammatory cytokine and anti-inflammatory agent.
Results: Knockdown of KIAA1199 expression using siRNA resulted in decreased cell migration and proliferation. On the other hand, forced expression of KIAA1199 using gene transduction significantly enhanced the migration and invasion. Importantly, increased KIAA1199 expression was associated with an increased level of LMW-HA in the conditioned medium. Exposure to a pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1ß, increased the KIAA1199 transcription and enhanced the migration. In contrast, treatment with NS-398, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, decreased the KIAA1199 expression and inhibited the migration.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that increased KIAA1199 expression may contribute to the aggressive phenotype partly through increasing the LMW-HA concentration. Our present results also suggest a possible link between inflammation, induced KIAA1199 expression, and enhanced migration during PDAC progression.
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