The fucosylated CD147 enhances the autophagy in epithelial ovarian cancer cells
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Zhenhua Hu1,2, Mingbo Cai1, Lu Deng1, Liancheng Zhu1, Jian Gao1, Mingzi Tan1, Juanjuan Liu1, Bei Lin1
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110004, China
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450052, China
Bei Lin, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: Lewis y, CD147, autophagy, PI3K, mTOR
Received: June 20, 2016 Accepted: October 17, 2016 Published: November 11, 2016
Autophagy is modulated by multiple factors including CD147, but little is know about the effects and mechanism by which the modification of CD147 by Lewis y antigen regulates autophagy of ovarian cancer cell. Here, we reported that Lewis y antigen can promote basic autophagy activity and restrain autophagic cell death in ovarian cancer cells. Furthermore, human whole genome expression profile microarrays and massage pathway analysis revealed that during early stages of autophagy in ovarian cancer cells with highly expressing Lewis y antigen, PI3K/Akt-mTOR activity was reduced, in contrast, the PI3K/Akt-mTOR signaling pathway was activated as the length of amino acid deprivation increased, which inhibited eIF4G2 expression, further decreased the transcription of autophagy-related genes, suppressed autophagic cell death. we also elaborated that co-regulates protein degradation in cells via the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the autophagy-lysosome pathway. These findings suggested that the modification of CD147 by Lewis y antigen enhanced the survival ability by promoting basic autophagy activity and restraining autophagic cell death in ovarian cancer , thus playing an important role in ovarian cancer malignant progression.
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