Oncotarget

Research Papers:

The intrinsically kinase-inactive EPHB6 receptor predisposes cancer cells to DR5-induced apoptosis by promoting mitochondrial fragmentation

Amr M. El Zawily, Behzad M. Toosi, Tanya Freywald, Vijaya V. Indukuri, Franco J. Vizeacoumar, Scot C. Leary and Andrew Freywald _

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:77865-77877. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.12838

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Abstract

Amr M. El Zawily1,2, Behzad M. Toosi1, Tanya Freywald3, Vijaya V. Indukuri4, Franco J. Vizeacoumar1,3, Scot C. Leary4, Andrew Freywald1

1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 0W8, Canada

2Faculty of Science, Damanhour University, Damanhour, 22516, Egypt

3Cancer Research, Saskatchewan Cancer Agency, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5E5, Canada

4Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5E5, Canada

Correspondence to:

Andrew Freywald, email: [email protected]

Scot C. Leary, email: [email protected]

Keywords: EPHB6, DRP1, mitochondrial dynamics, cancer, DR5

Received: August 19, 2016    Accepted: October 12, 2016    Published: October 24, 2016

ABSTRACT

Death Receptor 5 (DR5) is a promising target for cancer therapy due to its ability to selectively induce apoptosis in cancer cells. However, the therapeutic usefulness of DR5 agonists is currently limited by the frequent resistance of malignant tumours to its activation. The identification of molecular mechanisms that determine outcomes of DR5 action is therefore crucial for improving the efficiency of DR5-activating reagents in cancer treatment. Here, we provide evidence that an intrinsically kinase-inactive member of the Eph group of receptor tyrosine kinases, EPHB6, induces marked fragmentation of the mitochondrial network in breast cancer cells of triple-negative origin, lacking expression of the estrogen, progesterone and HER2 receptors. Remarkably, this response renders cancer cells more susceptible to DR5-mediated apoptosis. EPHB6 action in mitochondrial fragmentation proved to depend on its ability to activate the ERK-DRP1 pathway, which increases the frequency of organelle fission. Moreover, DRP1 activity is also essential to the EPHB6-mediated pro-apoptotic response that we observe in the context of DR5 activation. These findings provide the first description of a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family capable of producing a pro-apoptotic effect through the activation of ERK-DRP1 signaling and subsequent mitochondrial fragmentation. Our observations are of potential practical importance, as they imply that DR5-activating therapeutic approaches should be applied in a more personalized manner to primarily treat EPHB6-expressing tumours. Finally, our findings also suggest that the EPHB6 receptor itself may represent a promising target for cancer therapy, since EPHB6 and DR5 co-activation should support more efficient elimination of cancer cells.


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