Research Papers:

c-Myc suppresses miR-451⊣YWTAZ/AKT axis via recruiting HDAC3 in acute myeloid leukemia

Rui Su, Jia-Nan Gong, Ming-Tai Chen, Li Song, Chao Shen, Xin-Hua Zhang, Xiao-Lin Yin, Hong-Mei Ning, Bing Liu, Fang Wang, Yan-Ni Ma, Hua-Lu Zhao, Jia Yu and Jun-Wu Zhang _

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:77430-77443. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.12679

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Rui Su1, Jia-Nan Gong1, Ming-Tai Chen1, Li Song1, Chao Shen1, Xin-Hua Zhang2, Xiao-Lin Yin2, Hong-Mei Ning3, Bing Liu4, Fang Wang1, Yan-Ni Ma1, Hua-Lu Zhao1, Jia Yu1, Jun-Wu Zhang1

1The State Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China

2Department of Hematology, The 303 Hospital, Nanning, Guangxi, China

3Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Affiliated Hospital to Academy of Military Medical Sciences, The 307 Hospital, Beijing, China

4State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Translational Medicine Center of Stem Cells, 307-lvy Translational Medicine Center, Laboratory of Oncology, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, China

Correspondence to:

Jun-Wu Zhang, email: [email protected]

Keywords: acute myeloid leukemia, microRNA-451, c-Myc, HDAC3, YWHAZ

Received: February 20, 2016     Accepted: September 20, 2016     Published: October 15, 2016


Aberrant activation of c-Myc plays an important oncogenic role via regulating a series of coding and non-coding genes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Histone deacetylases (HDACs) can remove acetyl group from histone and regulate gene expression via changing chromatin structure. Here, we found miR-451 is abnormally down-regulated in AML patient samples; c-Myc recruits HDAC3 to form a transcriptional suppressor complex, co-localizes on the miR-451 promoter, epigenetically inhibits its transcription and finally induces its downregulation in AML. Furthermore, our in vitro and in vivo results suggest that miR-451 functions as a tumor suppressor via promoting apoptosis and suppressing malignant cell proliferation. The mechanistic study demonstrated that miR-451 directly targets YWHAZ mRNA and suppresses YWHAZ/AKT signaling in AML. Knockdown of c-Myc results in restoration of miR-451 and inhibition of YWHAZ/AKT signaling. In AML patients, low level of miR-451 is negatively correlated with high levels of c-Myc and YWHAZ, while c-Myc level is positively related to YWHAZ expression. These results suggested that c-Myc⊣miR-451⊣YWHAZ/AKT cascade might play a crucial role during leukemogenesis, and reintroduction of miR-451 could be as a potential strategy for AML therapy.

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