Roles of SPARC in urothelial carcinogenesis, progression and metastasis
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1 Department of Cancer Biology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC, USA
Neveen Said, email:
Keywords: SPARC, urinary bladder, carcinogenesis, cell cycle, inflammation
Received: April 01, 2016 Accepted: July 27, 2016 Published: August 24, 2016
Secreted Protein Acidic and Rich in Cysteine (SPARC) is a matricellular glycoprotein that is implicated in myriad physiological and pathological conditions characterized by extensive remodeling and plasticity. The functions and disease association of SPARC in cancer is being increasingly appreciated as it plays multi-faceted contextual roles depending on the cancer type, cell of origin and the unique cancer milieu at both primary and metastatic sites. Herein we will review our current knowledge of the role of SPARC in the multistep cascades of urinary bladder carcinogenesis, progression and metastasis from preclinical models and clinical data and shine the light on its prognostic and therapeutic potentials.
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