Blockade of the PDGFR family together with SRC leads to diminished proliferation of colorectal cancer cells
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Silke Kaulfuß1,*, Henning Seemann1,*, Rovena Kampe1, Julia Meyer1, Ralf Dressel2, Britta König1, Jens-Gerd Scharf3, Peter Burfeind1
1 Institute of Human Genetics, University Medical Center Göttingen, Germany
2 Department of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, University Medical Center Göttingen, Germany
3 Second Department of Internal Medicine, HELIOS Klinikum Erfurt GmbH, Germany
* These authors contributed equally to this work.
Silke Kaulfuß, email:
Keywords: colorectal cancer, PDGF receptor, c-KIT, SRC, cell proliferation, apoptosis, RNA interference, targeted therapy
Received: June 10, 2013 Accepted: June 28, 2013 Published: June 30, 2013
Among the family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) has attracted increasing attention as a potential target of anti-tumor therapy in colorectal cancer (CRC). To study the function of PDGFRβ in CRC cell lines, SW480, DLD-1 and Caco-2 cells showing high PDGFRβ expression were used for receptor down-regulation by small interfering RNA (siRNA) and using the pharmacological inhibitor of PDGFRβ Ki11502. Blockade of PDGFRβ using both approaches led to moderate inhibition of proliferation and diminished activation of the downstream PI3K-signaling pathway in all three cell lines. Surprisingly, incubation with Ki11502 resulted in an arrest of SW480 cells in the G2 phase of the cell cycle, whereas the siRNA approach did not result in this effect. To address this difference, we analyzed the involvement of the PDGFRβ family member c-KIT in Ki11502 effectiveness, but siRNA and proliferation studies in SW480 and DLD-1 cells could not prove the involvement of c-KIT inactivation during Ki11502 treatment.
Hence, an RTK activation antibody array on SW480 cells led us to the identification of the non-receptor tyrosine kinase SRC, which is inactivated after Ki11502 treatment but not after the siRNA approach. Further studies using the SRC-specific inhibitor PP2 showed that SRC inhibition upon treatment with the inhibitor Ki11502 is responsible for the observed effects of Ki11502 in SW480 and DLD-1 CRC cells. In summary, our results demonstrate that the inhibition of PDGFRβ alone using siRNA has only moderate cellular effects in CRC cell lines; however, the multi-target inhibition of PDGFRβ, c-KIT and SRC, e.g., using Ki11502, represents a promising therapeutic intervention for the treatment of CRC.
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