Oncotarget

In The News - Press Releases


Oncotarget | Targeting PI3Kβ alone and in combination with chemotherapy or immunotherapy in tumors with PTEN loss


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
2020-03-17

The cover for issue 11 of Oncotarget features Figure 6, "Effects of AZD8186 in combination with anti-PD1 on syngeneic models," by Owusu-Brackett, et al.

In vitro cell viability assay and immunoblotting demonstrated that PTEN loss was significantly correlated with AZD8186 sensitivity in triple-negative breast cancer cell lines.

AZD8186 in combination with paclitaxel, eribulin had synergistic effects on growth inhibition in PTEN loss cells.

AZD8186 significantly enhanced the antitumor efficacy of anti-PD1 antibodies in the PTEN-deficient BP murine melanoma xenograft model, but not in the PTEN-wild-type CT26 xenograft model.

In vitro, cell proliferation and colony formation assays were performed to determine cell sensitivity to AZD8186.

AZD8186 has single-agent efficacy in PTEN-deficient TNBC cell lines in vitro but has limited single-agent efficacy in vivo.

Dr. Funda Meric-Bernstam from the Department of Surgical Oncology, the Department of Investigational Cancer Therapeutics, the Department of Breast Surgical Oncology, as well as The Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Institute for Personalized Cancer Therapy at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, in Houston, Texas, USA said, "Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mTOR pathway is an important regulator of many physiological cellular processes that promote differentiation, proliferation and survival of a normal cell."

"Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mTOR pathway is an important regulator of many physiological cellular processes that promote differentiation, proliferation and survival of a normal cell."

- Dr. Funda Meric-Bernstam, Department of Investigational Cancer Therapeutics, the Department of Breast Surgical Oncology & The Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Institute for Personalized Cancer Therapy

Mutations, loss of copy number, epigenetic silencing and downregulation of PTEN protein by mi RNA can result in PTEN function inactivation, leading to activation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, which subsequently increases tumor growth, invasion and metastasis across a diverse set of solid tumors including breast, endometrial, prostate, renal cell, hepatocellular, glioblastoma, and colorectal cancers.

Loss of PTEN and increased PI3K signaling are associated with resistance to trastuzumab and endocrine therapy in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer and with poor prognosis in triple-negative breast cancers.

Figure 6: Effects of AZD8186 in combination with anti-PD1 on syngeneic models. (A) Xenograft of murine melanoma BP cells. BP cells were subcutaneously implanted into BALB/c mice. Mice bearing BP xenografts were treated with vehicle, AZD8186 at 50 mg/kg daily, anti-PD1 at 200 μg, twice a week or AZD8186 in combination with anti-PD1 for 14 days. Tumor volume was measured at the indicated time points. Mean ± SEM values of tumor volume were obtained from 5 mice in each treatment group from single experiment. The tumor volumes at the conclusion of experiment were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance to determine statistical significance. *p values (combination vs control: p < 0.001; combination vs AZD8186: p = 0.002; combination vs anti-PD1: p = 0.003). (B) Mass cytometry analysis. Tumors were harvested from the same mice above at the end point. Tumors were digested and stained with mass cytometry staining antibody panel including CD8 antibody. Samples were then analyzed using a CyTOF2 or Helios mass cytometer. Values are presented as mean ± SEM of percentage of CD8+ TILs of tumors. Data were analyzed by multiple t-tests to determine statistical significance. *p = 0.02 (AZD8186 vs control); #p = 0.016 (anti-PD1 vs control); *#p values for combination (combination vs control: p = 0.001; combination vs AZD8186: p = 0.01; combination vs anti-PD1: p = 0.014). (C, F) Xenografts of BP cells (C) and CT26 cells (F). BALB/c mice bearing xenografts were treated with vehicle, AZD8186 at 50 mg/kg daily, anti-PD1 at 200 μg, twice a week, paclitaxel at 10 mg/kg, once a week, and double or triple combinations. Values are presented as mean ± SEM of tumor volume. The methods for tumor measurement and statistical analysis were the same as (A). p values for (C) are: AZD8186 vs control: p = 0.037; anti-PD1 vs control: p = 0.001; AZD8186+anti-PD1 combination vs AZD8186: p < 0.0001; AZD8186+anti-PD1 combination vs anti-PD1: p 0.0011; AZD8186+anti-PD1 combination vs control: p = 0.0002. (D, E) Waterfall of tumor volume changes in all the animals (D) and mean changes of tumor volume (E) for (C).

In vitro, they revealed significant growth inhibition of PTEN-deficient tumors by depleting PIK3CB which encodes PI3K, while no such growth inhibition effect was shown in corresponding PTEN-deficient tumors with downregulation of PIK3CA or PIK3CD encoding PI3K and PI3K, respectively.

Thus, PI3K isoform is the driver of abnormal proliferation in PTEN-null cancers, and as such, PI3K is a promising target for therapy in PTEN-deficient TNBC. AZD8186 is a selective and potent small-molecule inhibitor of PI3K, with additional activity against PI3K isoform.

The Meric-Bernstam Research Team concluded in their Oncotarget Research Paper, "these results provide preclinical evidence of antitumor efficacy of AZD8186 in PTEN-deficient solid tumors. AZD8186 has single-agent efficacy in PTEN-deficient TNBC cell lines in vitro, with modest single-agent efficacy in vivo. Furthermore, AZD8186 enhanced the antitumor efficacy of paclitaxel but stable and progressive disease were noted with this combination in immunosuppressed models. In immunocompetent models, AZD8186 in combination with anti-PD1 resulted in tumor regression in PTEN-deficient BP tumor. We realize that while there appears to be an association of AZD8186 sensitivity to PTEN loss, a cause-effect relationship can only be speculated on. In summary, although further insights are needed into the mechanisms of activity of these combinations, the combination of AZD8186 with taxanes and with anti-PD1 agents hold promise for the treatment of PTEN-deficient solid tumors."

Sign up for free Altmetric alerts about this article

DOI - https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.27503

Full text - https://www.oncotarget.com/article/27503/text/

Correspondence to - Funda Meric-Bernstam - fmeric@mdanderson.org

Keywords - PI3Kβ, PTEN loss, AZD8186, chemotherapy, immunotherap

About Oncotarget

Oncotarget is a weekly, peer-reviewed, open access biomedical journal covering research on all aspects of oncology.

To learn more about Oncotarget, please visit https://www.oncotarget.com or connect with:

SoundCloud - https://soundcloud.com/oncotarget
Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/Oncotarget/
Twitter - https://twitter.com/oncotarget
LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/oncotarget
Pinterest - https://www.pinterest.com/oncotarget/
Reddit - https://www.reddit.com/user/Oncotarget/

Oncotarget is published by Impact Journals, LLC please visit https://www.impactjournals.com/ or connect with @ImpactJrnls

Media Contact
MEDIA@IMPACTJOURNALS.COM
18009220957x105



Copyright © 2020 Impact Journals, LLC
Impact Journals is a registered trademark of Impact Journals, LLC