Oncotarget

Research Papers:

Clinical significance of the preoperative platelet count and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLT-PLR) in patients with surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer

Seok-Hyun Kim, Hyoun Wook Lee, Se-Il Go, Soon Il Lee and Gyeong-Won Lee _

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:36198-36206. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.8809

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Abstract

Seok-Hyun Kim1, Hyoun Wook Lee2, Se-Il Go3,4, Soon Il Lee5, Gyeong-Won Lee4,6

1Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Republic of Korea

2Department of Pathology, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Republic of Korea

3Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, Republic of Korea

4Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Republic of Korea

5Department of Internal Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Republic of Korea

6Gyeongsang Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Republic of Korea

Correspondence to:

Gyeong-Won Lee, e-mail: [email protected]

Keywords: non-small cell lung cancer, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, thrombocytosis, inflammation, prognosis

Received: December 29, 2015     Accepted: March 31, 2016     Published: April 19, 2016

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic significance of the preoperative platelet count (PLT) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 202 patients treated for NSCLC between January 2002 and December 2007. Preoperative PLT and PLR scores were calculated using data obtained at the time of admission. Patients were assigned a PLT-PLR score of 0, 1, or 2 based upon the presence of thrombocytosis, an elevated PLR, or both.

Results: Patients with a PLT-PLR score of 2 had a significantly lower median overall survival (OS) [12.715 mo; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.215-24.215] when compared with patients with PLT-PLR scores of 1 (52.238 mo; 95% CI 17.062-87.414, p = 0.002) or 0 (not reached, p < 0.001). Relapse-free survival (RFS) was also significantly decreased in patients with a PLT-PLR score of 2 (10.107 mo; 95% CI 3.388-16.826) relative to patients with a PLT-PLR score of 1 (27.214 mo; 95% CI 0-56.253, p = 0.002) or 0 (58.893 mo; 95% CI 32.938-84.848, p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, a PLT-PLR score of 2 was an independent prognostic factor for poor OS (hazard ratio (HR) 3.473; 95% CI 1.765-6.835, p < 0.001) and RFS (HR 2.286; 95% CI 1.243-4.206, p = 0.008) compared with a PLT-PLR score of 0.

Conclusions: Preoperative PLT-PLR scores can be useful for predicting disease prognosis in patients with surgically resected NSCLC. Further large prospective studies will be necessary to validate our findings.


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