MiR-206 suppresses epithelial mesenchymal transition by targeting TGF-β signaling in estrogen receptor positive breast cancer cells
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Kai Yin1,2, Wenjin Yin1,2, Yaohui Wang3, Liheng Zhou3, Yu Liu3, Gong Yang4,5, Jianhua Wang4, Jinsong Lu3
1Department of Breast Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China
2Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
3Breast Cancer Center, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China
4Cancer Institute, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
5Central Laboratory, The Fifth People's Hospital of Shanghai, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Jinsong Lu, e-mail: email@example.com
Jianhua Wang, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Gong Yang, e-mail: email@example.com
Keywords: breast cancer, miRNA, epithelial mesenchymal transition, TGF-β, migration
Received: September 14, 2015 Accepted: March 04, 2016 Published: March 21, 2016
Background: Previous reports have shown a mutual negative feedback loop between microRNA (miR)-206 and estrogen receptor (ER) expression. Furthermore, decreased miR-206 expression in breast cancer (BC) is associated with the advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis. However, its role and the mechanism underlying the migration and invasion of ER positive BC remain unclear.
Results: In this study, miR-206 was stably transfected into ER positive cell lines MCF-7 and T47D to investigate the effect of miR-206. The results showed that miR-206 overexpression markedly impaired the migration and invasive abilities of these cells, followed by suppression of the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). Mechanistic analyses showed that miR-206 inhibited the autocrine production of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β as well as the downstream expression of neuropilin-1 (NRP1) and SMAD2, responsible for the decreased migration, invasion, and EMT in these cells.
Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that miR-206 inhibits TGF-β transcription and autocrine production, as well as downstream target genes of EMT. Restoring miR-206 expression may provide an effective therapeutic strategy for ER positive BC.
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