TLE4 promotes colorectal cancer progression through activation of JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway
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Shu-Yang Wang1,2,3,*, Ke Gao1,2,3,4,*, Dan-Ling Deng1,2,3, Juan-Juan Cai1,2,3, Zhi-Yuan Xiao1,2,3, Liu-Qing He1,2,3, Hong-Li Jiao1,2,3, Ya-Ping Ye1,2,3, Run-Wei Yang1,2,3, Ting-Ting Li1,2,3, Li Liang1,2,3, Wen-Ting Liao1,2,3, Yan-Qing Ding1,2,3
1Department of Pathology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
2Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
3State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Department of Experimental, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
4Department of Pathology, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Yan-Qing Ding, e-mail: email@example.com
Wen-Ting Liao, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: TLE4, colorectal cancer, JNK, c-Jun, proliferation
Received: August 05, 2015 Accepted: November 21, 2015 Published: December 20, 2015
The Groucho transcriptional co-repressor TLE4 protein has been shown to be a tumor suppressor in a subset of acute myeloid leukemia. However, little is known about its role in development and progression of solid tumor. In this study, we found that the expression of TLE4 in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues was significantly higher than that in their matched adjacent intestine epithelial tissues. In addition, high expression of TLE4 was significantly correlated with advanced Dukes stage, lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis of CRC. Moreover, enforced expression of TLE4 in CRC cell lines significantly enhanced proliferation, invasion and tumor growth. On the contrary, knock down of TLE4 repressed cell proliferation, invasion and tumor growth. Furthermore, our study exhibited that the TLE4 promoted cell proliferation and invasion partially via activation of JNK-c-Jun pathway and subsequently increased cyclinD1 and decreased P27Kip1 expression. In conclusion, these results suggested that TLE4, a potential prognostic biomarker for CRC, plays an important role in the development and progression of human CRC.
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