Research Papers:

Expression of prokineticin-receptor2(PK-R2) is a new prognostic factor in human colorectal cancer

Takanori Goi _, Hidetaka Kurebayashi, Yuki Ueda, Takayuki Naruse, Toshiyuki Nakazawa, Kenji Koneri, Yasuo Hirono, Kanji Katayama and Akio Yamaguchi

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Oncotarget. 2015; 6:31758-31766. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.5565

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Takanori Goi1, Hidetaka Kurebayashi1, Yuki Ueda1, Takayuki Naruse1, Toshiyuki Nakazawa1, Kenji Koneri1, Yasuo Hirono1, Kanji Katayama1 and Akio Yamaguchi1

1 First Department of Surgery, University of Fukui, Japan

Correspondence to:

Takanori Goi, email:

Keywords: prokineticin-receptor2, colorectal cancer, prognostic factor

Received: July 13, 2015 Accepted: August 09, 2015 Published: September 10, 2015


The increased invasiveness of colorectal cancer cells is important for progression and metastasis to the surrounding organs. According to recent molecular biological studies, signaling through transmembrane Prokineticin-Receptor2(PK-R2) is likely involved in the ability of tumor cell to invade. However, no studies have evaluated the relationship between PK-R2 expression, ability of cancer to invade/metastasize, and patient prognosis in cases of resected colorectal cancer. Accordingly, we have examined these factors in the present study.

Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect PK-R2 in the primary lesion and adjacent normal large intestine mucosa of 324 colorectal cancer patients who underwent resection surgery at our department. Additionally, we conducted clinicopathologic examinations and analyzed patient prognoses with the Kaplan-Meier method. Further, multivariate analysis was conducted using a cox-proportional hazard model.

PK-R2 expression was observed on the cellular membrane of the primary lesion in 147 of 324 cases (45.3%) of human colorectal cancer. PK-R2 expression was associated with a higher incidence of vascular invasion, lymph node metastasis, hepatic metastasis, and hematogenous metastasis. Further, prevalence of PK-R2 expression increased as tumor stage increased. In stage III curative resection cases, where recurrence is the most serious problem, cases that expressed PK-R2 had a significantly lower 5-year survival rate (82.1% versus 66.8%) and higher recurrence compared to those cases with no PK-R2 expression. In the multivariate analysis for prognosis, PK-R2 expression was found to be an independent factor(ratio2.621).

PK-R2 expression could be one of the new prognostic factors in human colorectal cancer.

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