Practice of traditional Chinese medicine for psycho-behavioral intervention improves quality of life in cancer patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis
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Weiwei Tao1,2,3,#, Xi Luo1,2,#, Bai Cui1,2,#, Dapeng Liang1,2, Chunli Wang1,2, Yangyang Duan4, Xiaofen Li5, Shiyu Zhou6, Mingjie Zhao7, Yi Li8, Yumin He9, Shaowu Wang4, Keith W. Kelley10,11, Ping Jiang12, Quentin Liu1,2
1Institute of Cancer Stem Cell, Cancer Center, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China
2Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center of Cancer Medicine, Guangdong, China
3College of Nursing, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China
4Department of Radiology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China
5School of Public Health, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China
6Department of Psychology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China
7Dalian Medical University Magazine, Dalian, China
8School of Art, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China
9Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China
10Integrative Immunology and Behavior Program, Department of Animal Sciences, College of ACES, Urbana, IL, USA
11Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA
12Graduate School, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China
#These authors contributed equally to this work
Quentin Liu, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ping Jiang, e-mail: email@example.com
Keith W. Kelley, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Shaowu Wang, e-mail: email@example.com
Keywords: traditional Chinese medicine, psycho-behavioral interventions, quality of life, cancer, meta-analysis
Received: July 15, 2015 Accepted: October 02, 2015 Published: October 15, 2015
Background: Cancer patients suffer from diverse symptoms, including depression, anxiety, pain, and fatigue and lower quality of life (QoL) during disease progression. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of Traditional Chinese Medicine psycho-behavioral interventions (TCM PBIs) on improving QoL by meta-analysis.
Methods: Electronic literature databases (PubMed, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang) were searched for randomized, controlled trials conducted in China. The primary intervention was TCM PBIs. The main outcome was health-related QoL (HR QoL) post-treatment. We applied standard meta analytic techniques to analyze data from papers that reached acceptable criteria.
Results: The six TCM PBIs analyzed were acupuncture, Chinese massage, Traditional Chinese Medicine five elements musical intervention (TCM FEMI), Traditional Chinese Medicine dietary supplement (TCM DS), Qigong and Tai Chi. Although both TCM PBIs and non-TCM PBIs reduced functional impairments in cancer patients and led to pain relief, depression remission, reduced time to flatulence following surgery and sleep improvement, TCM PBIs showed more beneficial effects as assessed by reducing both fatigue and gastrointestinal distress. In particular, acupuncture relieved fatigue, reduced diarrhea and decreased time to flatulence after surgery in cancer patients, while therapeutic Chinese massage reduced time to flatulence and time to peristaltic sound.
Conclusion: These findings demonstrate the efficacy of TCM PBIs in improving QoL in cancer patients and establish that TCM PBIs represent beneficial adjunctive therapies for cancer patients.
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